[Recorded 22nd November 2016] Between 1989 and 2004, over 40 Japanese directors were introduced to major festivals and distribution networks. In the last decade, barely a handful of young directors have managed to find an audience. Ryusuke Hamaguchi, Katsuya Tomita, Momoko Ando count among the exceptions. How and why did this happen? On the other hand, the number of retrospectives of Japanese filmmakers, established and in the margins of Japanese film history, has seen a surge all over the world, raising the issue of which Japan are audiences interested in, and which stories contemporary filmmakers are not telling. This seminar took place at Oxford Brookes University on 22 November 2016.