#120 – François Chollet: Measures of Intelligence
Play episode · 2 hr 35 min
François Chollet is an AI researcher at Google and creator of Keras. Support this podcast by supporting our sponsors (and get discount): – Babbel: https://babbel.com and use code LEX – MasterClass: https://masterclass.com/lex – Cash App: download app & use code “LexPodcast” Episode links: Francois’s Twitter: https://twitter.com/fchollet Francois’s Website: https://fchollet.com/ On the Measure of Intelligence (paper): https://arxiv.org/abs/1911.01547 If you would like to get more information about this podcast go to https://lexfridman.com/podcast or connect with @lexfridman on Twitter, LinkedIn, Facebook, Medium, or YouTube where you can watch the video versions of these conversations. If you enjoy the podcast, please rate it 5 stars
The Portal
The Portal
Eric Weinstein
40: Introducing The Portal Essay Club - What if everyone is simply insane?
If you have ever wondered whether you were crazy when everyone else claims to see things differently than you do, this is the episode for you. Book clubs are everywhere and we are always asked for book recommendations. But what about the great Essays, Interviews, Conversations, Aphorisms, Shaggy Dog Stories, Lyrics, Courtroom Testimonies, Poems, Movie Scenes, Jokes and the like? Sadly, there is almost never a club in which to discuss them. Yet there are Essays and offerings in other intellectual formats that are just as profound and meaningful as any book while having the advantage of being much more in keeping with modern attention spans. The Portal seeks to fill this obvious lacuna.  We thus finish out the regular first year of the Portal Podcast with an inaugural episode of an experiment: The Portal Essay Club. In this episode Eric reads aloud an astonishing essay from 1944 by Arthur Koestler which changed his world. In the essay, Koestler wrestles with a difficult question that has plagued independent thinkers for ages: what if everyone who is supposedly 'normal' is actually a maniac living in a dream world? What if the only sane ones appear crazy just as the crazy appear sane?  During the episode, Eric first reads aloud the essay "The Nightmare That Is A Reality." and then discusses paragraph by paragraph what makes this one of the most profound yet often forgotten essays to have appeared within the twilight of living memory (1944 as it happens). We hope you will enjoy this experiment and let us know what you would like to see appear next in this series.  Thanks for a great first year.  Thank You From Our Sponsors Mack Weldon: For 20% off your first order visit www.mackweldon.com AND ENTER PROMO CODE: PORTAL ExpressVPN: Protect your online activity today at www.expressvpn.com/PORTAL and get an extra 3 months FREE on a one-year package. NetSuite: Receive your FREE guide – “Seven Actions Businesses Need to Take Now” and schedule your FREE Product Tour at www.netsuite.com/PORTAL Unagi Scooters: Get $150 off your own Unagi E500 electric scooter while supplies last at www.unagiscooters.com PROMO CODE PORTAL
1 hr 11 min
The Tim Ferriss Show
The Tim Ferriss Show
Tim Ferriss: Bestselling Author, Human Guinea Pig
#474: Matthew McConaughey on His Success Playbooks, The Powerful Philosophy of Greenlights, and Choosing The Paths Less Traveled
Matthew McConaughey on His Success Playbooks, The Powerful Philosophy of Greenlights, and Choosing The Paths Less Traveled | Brought to you by Wealthfront automated investing, Helix Sleep mattresses, and Magic Spoon cereal Matthew McConaughey (@McConaughey) is a Texas native and one of Hollywood's most sought-after leading men. A chance meeting in Austin with casting director and producer Don Phillips led him to director Richard Linklater, who launched the actor's career in the cult classic Dazed and Confused. Since then, he has won an Academy Award for his portrayal of Ron Woodroof in Dallas Buyers Club, appeared in more than 40 feature films that have grossed more than $1 billion, and has become a producer, director, and philanthropist with his Just Keep Livin' Foundation—all the while sticking to his Texas roots and "jk livin'" philosophy. McConaughey also serves as creative director for Wild Turkey and has co-created his own bourbon, Longbranch. He serves as Minister of Culture/M.O.C. for the University of Texas Athletic Department and the Austin FC Soccer Club, where he is part owner. McConaughey will launch his first book, Greenlights, on October 20, 2020. He currently resides in Austin, Texas, with his wife Camilla and their three kids while he is a professor at the University of Texas in Austin. Please enjoy! This episode is brought to you by Wealthfront! Wealthfront pioneered the automated investing movement, sometimes referred to as ‘robo-advising,’ and they currently oversee $20 billion of assets for their clients. It takes about three minutes to sign up, and then Wealthfront will build you a globally diversified portfolio of ETFs based on your risk appetite and manage it for you at an incredibly low cost.  Smart investing should not feel like a rollercoaster ride. Let the professionals do the work for you. Go to Wealthfront.com/Tim and open a Wealthfront account today, and you’ll get your first $5,000 managed for free, for life. Wealthfront will automate your investments for the long term. Get started today at Wealthfront.com/Tim. * This podcast episode is also brought to you by Helix Sleep! Helix was selected as the #1 best overall mattress pick of 2020 by GQ magazine, Wired, Apartment Therapy, and many others. With Helix, there’s a specific mattress for each and every body’s unique taste. Just take their quiz—only two minutes to complete—that matches your body type and sleep preferences to the perfect mattress for you. They have a 10-year warranty, and you get to try it out for a hundred nights, risk free. They’ll even pick it up from you if you don’t love it. And now, to my dear listeners, Helix is offering up to 200 dollars off all mattress orders plus two free pillows at HelixSleep.com/Tim. * This episode is also brought to you by Magic Spoon Cereal! Magic Spoon is a brand-new cereal that is low carb, high protein, and zero sugar. It tastes just like your favorite sugary cereal. Each serving has 12g of protein, 3g of net carbs, 0g of sugar, and only 110 calories. It’s also gluten free, grain free, keto friendly, soy free, and GMO free. And it’s delicious! It comes in your favorite, traditional cereal flavors like Cocoa, Frosted, and Blueberry. Magic Spoon cereal has received a lot of attention since launching last year. Time magazine included it in their list of Best Inventions of 2019, and Forbes called it “the future of cereal.” My listeners—that’s you—get free shipping and a 100% happiness guarantee when you visit MagicSpoon.com/Tim and use code TIM. *** If you enjoy the podcast, would you please consider leaving a short review on Apple Podcasts/iTunes? It takes less than 60 seconds, and it really makes a difference in helping to convince hard-to-get guests. I also love reading the reviews! For show notes and past guests, please visit tim.blog/podcast. Sign up for Tim’s email newsletter (“5-Bullet Friday”) at tim.blog/friday. For transcripts of episodes, go to tim.blog/transcripts. Discover Tim’s books: tim.blog/books. Follow Tim: Twitter: twitter.com/tferriss  Instagram: instagram.com/timferriss Facebook: facebook.com/timferriss  YouTube: youtube.com/timferriss
1 hr 39 min
The Art of Manliness
The Art of Manliness
The Art of Manliness
#654: How to Astronaut
If you grew up in the ‘80s like me, there's a good chance you really wanted to go to space camp and you really wanted to be an astronaut. You probably had a lot of questions about what it was like to live in space, and if those questions were never answered (or you've forgotten the answers), my guest today can tell you everything you ever wanted to know. His name is Colonel Terry Virts and he's been to space twice, the second time serving as commander of the International Space Station for 200 days. Terry also helped film the IMAX movie A Beautiful Planet, and is the author of How to Astronaut: An Insider's Guide to Leaving Planet Earth. Terry and I begin our conversation with the plan he set in childhood to become an astronaut via going to the Air Force Academy and becoming a pilot. We talk about how long it took him to make it to space once he joined NASA, the training he underwent for years which required being a skill-acquiring polymath, and how aspects of that training, which included flying jets and wilderness survival courses, didn't always directly correlate to his job as an astronaut, but were still essential in being adept at it. We also discuss the physical training Terry did both before his missions and after leaving the earth, and whether he suffered any long-term health issues from being in space. From there we get into what a typical day is like when you're floating through sixteen sunsets, including what space food looks like these days and whether they’re really eating "astronaut ice cream" up there, what it's like to sleep while weightless, and of course, that most burning of questions, "How do you go the bathroom in space?" We then discuss the importance of emotional and mental skills when you're living for months at a time in a space station, and what it was like to leave that station to take a spacewalk and see the earth from above. We end our conversation with how Terry physically and psychologically adjusted to returning to earth, whether he yearns to go back up again, and what he thinks the future of space exploration holds. Consider this show the stint at space camp your parents never signed off on. Get the show notes at aom.is/astronaut. See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
47 min
NZ Everyday Investor
NZ Everyday Investor
Podcasts NZ / WorldPodcasts.com / Gorilla Voice Media
DeFi - CBDC's - Other Things / Mark Pascall
Last week we went down the Bitcoin rabbit hole, and this week we journey even further into the many warrens that make up this exciting (and utterly confounding) blockchain space. We start off by talking about the world of money as we understand it, where our dollars can be broken into a couple of different categories; cash and the rest of it. Cash is the stuff buried in our backyard, stuck behind our couch cushions, and whirring around the black market. The other stuff is the majority of the money we deal with. The banks will generally lend out far more of it than they actually have on hand at anyone time - this is fractional reserve banking. You could say a dollar is born every time you get a loan. It then floats around for a bit and dies, when tax is paid loan is repaid - Hakuna Matata! The next fastest growing category is in digital currencies such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, which were spun out in direct protest to the problematic situation just described. Because blockchain-based digital currencies share one ledger between every computer involved in a decentralised manner, the double spend problem is avoided and we have great traceability of this money. As you’d expect for monopolistic companies and anxious nation states both, these decentralised currencies can make them feel a little insecure. As a result, brands like Facebook have been busy trying to roll out their own digital currencies, while reserve banks around the world are desperately trying to regulate so they can spin out their own version, in the form of Central Bank Digital Currencies. Basically, the promise of ubiquitous digital currencies feels inevitable; it’s really a race to see who arrives first. It could come down to 'the people' vs 'corporate' vs some sort of government/central bank alliance As Mark puts it in this episode, “we now live in a global village that doesn’t recognise geographical boundaries. It doesn’t make sense to have a world government, and it’s a really bad idea to have a capitalist corporation doing it, so what else can we do?” Queue DeFi, or decentralized finance. In the broadest of terms, DeFi is a financial system built on the inherently _shared_ nature of the blockchain. Because these systems aren’t owned by any one person (even the Dalai Lama could surely be corrupted at the right price), they’re virtually impossible to be soiled by personal interests. More recently, the money going into some of these applications has been going gangbusters. Up in the many billions of bucks, people clearly have an appetite for the likes of _Augur_, for betting, _Aave _for borrowing and lending, and _Uniswap _for decentralised crypto exchanges. It has lots of the signs of the ICO boom (and then bust) in 2017, but it also has the promise of a fairer, less corrupt financial system. Of course I would advise with something as inherently speculative as this that any investment should be no more than you’re willing to lose. There is no 0800 number once you’re out there. You’re exposed to the elements. To get in contact with Mark: TheDAO.Agency Phone/Whatsapp: (+64) 21 223 7132 Telegram: @mark_pascall Linkedin Keen to learn more about how you can purchase crypto? Check out episode 94 here with Easy Crypto for a bit of background as to why I recommend them for any first time Crypto buyer to be. If you're ready to get into Bitcoin, make a start here by setting up an account with Easy Crypto. _________________________________________________________________ The NZ Everyday Investor is brought to you in partnership with Hatch. Hatch, let's you become a shareholder in the world's biggest companies and funds. We're talking about Apple and Zoom, Vanguard and Blackrock. So, if you're listening in right now and have thought about investing in the US share markets, well, Hatch has given us a special offer just for you... they'll give you a $20 NZD top-up when you make an initial deposit into your Hatch account of $100NZD or more. Just go to https://hatch.as/NZEverydayInvestor to grab your top up. __________________________________________________________________ Like what you’ve heard? You can really help with the success of the NZ Everyday Investor by doing the following: 1- Tell your friends! 2- Write a review on Facebook, or your favourite podcast player 3- Help support the mission of our show on Patreon by contributing here 4- To catch the live episodes, please ensure you have subscribed to us on Youtube: 5- Sign up to our newsletter here NZ Everyday Investor is on a mission to increase financial literacy and make investing more accessible for the everyday person! Please ensure that you act independently from any of the content provided in these episodes - it should not be considered personalised financial advice for you. This means, you should either do your own research taking on board a broad range of opinions, or ideally, consult and engage an authorised financial adviser to provide guidance around your specific goals and objectives. _____________________________________________________________________________
1 hr 5 min
Conversations with Tyler
Conversations with Tyler
Mercatus Center at George Mason University
Michael Kremer on Economists as Founders
Michael Kremer is best known for his academic work researching global poverty, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2019 along with Esther Duflo and Abhijit Banerjee. Less known is that he is also the founder of five non-profits and in the process of creating a sixth. And Kremer doesn’t see anything unusual about embodying the dual archetypes of economist and founder. “I think there's a lot of relationship between the experimental method and the things that are needed to help found organizations,” he explains. Michael joined Tyler to discuss the intellectual challenge of founding organizations, applying methods from behavioral economics to design better programs, how advanced market commitments could lower pharmaceutical costs for consumers while still incentivizing R&D, the ongoing cycle of experimentation every innovator understands, the political economy of public health initiatives, the importance of designing institutions to increase technological change, the production function of new technologies, incentivizing educational achievement, The Odyssey as a tale of comparative development, why he recently transitioned to University of Chicago, what researchers can learn from venture capitalists, his current work addressing COVID-19, and more. Follow us on Twitter and IG: @cowenconvos Email: cowenconvos@mercatus.gmu.edu Follow Tyler on Twitter Facebook Newsletter
50 min
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