92. Sample Essay: Top Ten Countries for Electricity Production and Consumption
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Cambridge IELTS 13 test 3 writing task 1 sample essay
The bar graph displays the ten nations that produced and consumed the largest amounts of electricity in 2014.
Overall, China and the United States led in both electricity output and use. In addition, generation exceeded consumption in all the countries except Germany.
At 5,398 and 5,322 billion kWh, China generated and used more power than any other country. The United States was the second largest producer and consumer of power, at 4,099 and 3,866 billion kWh respectively.
Of the other eight countries, Russia was the only country whose output and consumption were over 1,000 billion kWh, at 1,057 and 1,038 billion kWh respectively. The Republic of Korea, in comparison, only produced 485.1 billion kWh and used 449.5 billion kWh, making it the smallest electricity producing and consuming country.
In terms of Japan, India, Canada, France, Brazil and Germany, their outputs ranged from 526.6 to 936.2 billion kWh while their usages ranged from 455.8 to 856.7 billion kWh. It is also noteworthy that Germany was the only country that used more power than it generated, at 582.5 and 526.6 kWh respectively.