2021.09.13 國際新聞導讀-伊拉克總理卡迪米前往伊朗會晤新總統萊西增進雙邊關係、IAEA國際原子能總署持續努力讓伊朗回到監管正途、塔利班允許女學生上學但由女老師教課、以色列預算案預料將…
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2021.09.13 國際新聞導讀-伊拉克總理卡迪米前往伊朗會晤新總統萊西增進雙邊關係、IAEA國際原子能總署持續努力讓伊朗回到監管正途、塔利班允許女學生上學但由女老師教課、以色列預算案預料將可順利通過


(附圖為伊拉克總理Mustafa Kadhemi)


拜登將無法從中東撤出美軍-前摩薩德酋長

前間諜首長就拜登政府從阿富汗撤軍對全球安全問題的影響發表了廣泛的看法。

作者:尤娜傑瑞米鮑勃

2021 年 9 月 12 日 21:28


哈馬斯支持者周日在加沙地帶北部參加反以色列集會。


(圖片來源:穆罕默德·塞勒姆/路透社)

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前摩薩德首長沙布泰沙維特表示,即使這是拜登政府的既定目標,美國也無法離開中東,因為中東的事件和危機都有自己的想法。

“中東不會讓你離開,”他說。

沙維特的觀點在一個小組中與其他三名前情報負責人形成鮮明對比,他們討論了拜登政府從阿富汗撤軍對全球安全問題的影響、美國在該地區的持久力以及來自伊朗和哈馬斯的威脅。

週日,摩薩德、辛貝特和以色列國防軍情報部門的前任負責人在荷茲利亞國際反恐研究所 (ICT) 發表講話,表達了廣泛的觀點。

前以色列國防軍情報主管少將 (res.) Aharon Zeevi Farkash 和前 Shin Bet 主管 Yaakov Peri 表示美國正在進一步減少其在中東的參與,而 Shavit 表示美國將繼續存在,前摩薩德主管Efraim Halevy 說美國還沒有真正做出決定。

“中東的每個人都在等待美國離開,”Zeevi Farkash 說,並指出美國已經減少了在敘利亞、沙特阿拉伯和該地區其他地方的作用,阿富汗是華盛頓全球戰略的戲劇性延續。縮編,無論是來自中東還是其他地方。

Peri 同意 Zeevi Farkash 的觀點,稱西方和美國從其更近影響範圍之外的全球安全問題中撤出,正在鼓勵恐怖組織變得更加激進。

沙維特回應說,他尊重其他人在這個問題上的看法,但儘管許多美國政府都談到退出該地區,“如果美國想成為第一,它就不能離開。”

哈勒維提出了一個中間立場,他說“美國不知道它會做什麼。它對中東不感興趣,但對全球問題感興趣”,但與此同時,“美國不會衝出”該地區。

Zeevi Farkash 補充說,他關於撤軍的評論更多地與美國使用武力有關,尤其是地面部隊。

談到以巴衝突,沙維特說,他認為亞伯拉罕協議的遺產和該地區目前的星座可以使以色列、遜尼派國家和美國的聯盟達成一項解決方案。


上個月美軍從阿富汗喀布爾的哈米德卡爾扎伊國際機場撤離後一天,塔利班部隊站崗(路透社)。

佩里更為悲觀,他說西岸的下一個可能發生的重大事件將是年邁的總統馬哈茂德·阿巴斯的潛在繼任者對巴勒斯坦權力機構進行大規模的“內部繼承戰爭”。

這位前辛貝特酋長警告說,巴勒斯坦領導層未來的不穩定意味著解決方案還很遙遠,以色列將在未來幾年被困在約旦河西岸。

從廣義上講,情報部門負責人一致認為,美國從阿富汗撤軍增強了哈馬斯和真主黨對與以色列衝突的信心。

Zeevi Farkash 對加沙進行了磨練,他說以色列需要“對加沙進行重大打擊以恢復威懾”,並阻止哈馬斯定期發動火箭襲擊和戰爭。

哈勒維表示,以色列需要與哈馬斯對話,承認該組織已統治加沙14年,即使寧願該組織消失,也必須達成長期諒解。

關於伊朗,澤維·法卡什表示,本傑明·內塔尼亞胡的前政府“為伊朗達到核門檻提供了便利……國際原子能機構自 2 月 24 日以來一直沒有進行檢查。”

情報部門負責人對現政府將如何處理伊朗問題表達了一些希望和懷疑。

早些時候在會議上,北約情報和安全助理秘書長大衛卡特勒解釋了他在 9/11 當天的個人經歷。

他說,這是美國歷史上遭受的最大打擊,為目前全球存在的恐怖主義狀況鋪平了道路。他說,恐怖主義遠未被擊敗,不斷發展的技術正在進一步增強威脅並使打擊恐怖組織變得更加困難。

這位北約情報官員表示,哈馬斯、基地組織和伊斯蘭國在網上的存在增加了招募和激進他人的難度,只有加強民族國家之間的合作才能減少恐怖主義帶來的不斷變化的威脅.

Reichman University 的 ICT 創始人兼執行董事 Boaz Ganor 強調了根據不同類型的恐怖主義威脅應對不同類型恐怖主義威脅的重要性,以色列和西方需要了解差異,以打擊獨狼恐怖分子的能力和動機,非國家恐怖組織和國家資助的恐怖分子。

對於全球恐怖趨勢,加諾對樂觀的預測提出異議,稱這些觀點過於關注西方伊斯蘭恐怖襲擊的減少,而忽略了非洲等地區的增加。

此外,他還指出,美國和其他西方國家的右翼極端主義恐怖活動有所增加,特別是在新冠時代,整體恐怖活動可能會在後大流行時代全面增加。

Biden won't be able to pull US forces from Middle East - ex-Mossad chief

The former spy chiefs expressed a wide range of views on the impacts of the Biden administration’s withdrawal from Afghanistan on global security issues.

By YONAH JEREMY BOB

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 21:28




HAMAS SUPPORTERS attend an anti-Israel rally in the northern Gaza Strip on Sunday.


(photo credit: MOHAMMED SALEM/REUTERS)

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The US will not be able to leave the Middle East even if this is the stated goal of the Biden administration, because Middle East events and crises have a mind of their own, according to former Mossad chief Shabtai Shavit.

“The Middle East will not let you leave,” he said.

Shavit’s view was contrasted on a panel with three other former intelligence chiefs, who debated the impact of the Biden administration’s withdrawal from Afghanistan on global security issues, US staying power in the region, and threats from Iran and Hamas.

Speaking at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) in Herzilya on Sunday, the former heads of the Mossad, Shin Bet and IDF intelligence expressed a wide range of views.

Whereas former IDF intelligence chief Maj. Gen. (res.) Aharon Zeevi Farkash and former Shin Bet director Yaakov Peri said that the US was moving toward further reducing its involvement in the Middle East, Shavit said the US would remain, and former Mossad director Efraim Halevy said the US has not really decided.

“Everyone in the Middle East is waiting for the US to leave,” said Zeevi Farkash, pointing out that the US had already reduced its role in Syria, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the region, and that Afghanistan was a dramatic continuation of Washington’s global drawdown, whether from the Middle East or elsewhere.

Peri agreed with Zeevi Farkash, saying that the withdrawal of the West in general and of the US specifically from global security issues beyond their closer spheres of influence are encouraging terror groups to be more aggressive.

Shavit responded that he respects others’ views on the issue, but that while many US administrations had talked about withdrawing from the region, “if the US wants to be No. 1, it cannot leave.”

Staking out a middle ground, Halevy said “the US does not know what it will do. It is not interested in the Middle East, but in global issues,” but at the same time, “the US will not rush out” of the region.

Zeevi Farkash added that his comment about withdrawal related more to the US’s use of force, especially ground forces.

Moving on to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Shavit said he thought that the legacy of the Abraham Accords and current constellation in the region could enable an alliance of Israel, the Sunni states and the US to arrive at a resolution.


TALIBAN FORCES stand guard a day after the US troops withdrawal from Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan, last month (REUTERS).

Peri was more pessimistic, saying that the next likely major event in the West Bank would be a large “internal succession war for control” of the Palestinian Authority by would-be successors to the aging President Mahmoud Abbas.

The former Shin Bet chief warned that the instability underlying the future of Palestinian leadership meant a resolution was farther off, and that Israel would be stuck in the West Bank for years to come.

Broadly speaking, the intelligence chiefs agreed that the US withdrawal from Afghanistan had strengthened the confidence of Hamas and Hezbollah in their conflict with Israel.

Honing in on Gaza, Zeevi Farkash said that Israel would need to “strike a major blow to Gaza to return deterrence” and stop Hamas from regular rounds of rocket attacks and war.

Halevy said that Israel needed to dialogue with Hamas, recognize that the group has ruled Gaza for 14 years, and that it must reach a long-term understanding even if it would rather the group disappear.

Regarding Iran, Zeevi Farkash said that the former government of Benjamin Netanyahu “facilitated Iran getting to the nuclear threshold… The IAEA has not inspected since February 24.”

The intelligence chiefs expressed a mix of some hope and doubts about how the current government would handle the Iran issue.

Earlier at the conference, NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Intelligence and Security David Cattler explained his personal experience on the day of 9/11.

He said that it was the biggest blow to the US in its history, and that it paved the way for the state of terrorism that currently exists in globally. That terrorism is far from being defeated, he said, and evolving technologies are further empowering the threat and making it harder to counter the terror groups.

The NATO intelligence official said that the heightened online presence of Hamas, al-Qaeda and ISIS makes it easier to recruit and radicalize others going forward, and that only increased cooperation among nation-states can lead to reducing the ever-evolving threat presented by terrorism.

ICT Founder and Executive Director at Reichman University Boaz Ganor highlighted the crucial importance of addressing different kinds of terrorist threats according to their individual qualities, and that Israel and the West needed to understand the differences to combat the capabilities and motivations of lone-wolf terrorists, non-state terror organizations, and state-sponsored terrorists.

Regarding global terror trends, Ganor disputed optimistic predictions, saying these views were overly focused on the reduction of Islamic terror attacks in the West, but ignored the increase in Africa and other areas.

Furthermore, he noted an increase in right-wing extremist terror in the US and other Western countries, especially in the corona era, and that overall terror might increase across the board in the post-pandemic era.

國際原子能機構“拯救”伊朗核談判?- 分析

這可能是導緻美國和伊朗最終重返 JCPOA 的轉折點。

作者:尤娜傑瑞米鮑勃

2021 年 9 月 12 日 22:05




2021 年 3 月 1 日,在奧地利維也納爆發冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 期間,在理事會會議開始之前,伊朗國旗在國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總部前飄揚。


(照片來源:路透社/LISI NIESNER/文件照片)

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穩定已恢復。和伊朗的核威脅是回長的格局,拖出來,但希望談判達成協議。

這就是 IAEA 和德黑蘭各自希望在周日傳達的信息,每個人都出於自己的目的。

原子能機構總幹事拉斐爾·格羅西對伊斯蘭共和國的緊急訪問再次使這一天免於即將發生的核危機,或者希望西方會被這一信息催眠而重新自滿。

國際原子能機構與伊朗的新協議真正實現了什麼?

格羅西被以色列情報官員廣泛推崇為處理核問題的更嚴肅的國際官員之一。


“訪問較少,讓我們面對現實吧。” 國際原子能機構總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西(Rafael Mariano Grossi)去年在維也納國際原子能機構總部召開虛擬國際原子能機構理事會會議之前。(信用:克里斯蒂安布魯納/路透社)

因此,看著他做智力後空翻試圖展示成功,同時承認他沒有實現任何更深層次的目標,這幾乎是痛苦的。

伊朗希望避免受到國際原子能機構理事會的公開譴責,以及將其核武器計劃負面提交給聯合國安理會。

但正如以色列國防軍前情報局長 Aharon Zeevi Farkash 在周日的一次會議上指出的那樣,德黑蘭幾乎總是比其競爭對手擁有更好的長期願景和戰略。

數月來,伊朗伊斯蘭共和國在 2015 年 JCPOA 核協議下的核義務方面對美國和其他世界大國進行了粗暴對待。

然而,一旦它向 IAEA 提供任何機會,一切基本上都被原諒了。

在摩薩德揭露伊朗核武器計劃的全部深度三年半之後,在國際原子能機構開始尋求答案兩年後,伊朗什麼也沒提供。

伊斯蘭共和國並未停止將鈾濃縮至 60%,比 JCPOA 允許的 5% 高出數倍。

IAEA 的相機神秘地損壞或損壞,並且幾個月沒有人照看。

原子能機構和世界在那個時期錯過了什麼?在 5 月至今的這段時間裡,我們都錯過了什麼,當時許多其他相機也可能出現技術問題,因為它們在標準三個月後沒有被更換,而是在大約七個月後?

格羅西誠實地承認他沒有答案,但表示主要是與新政府建立了“溝通”,這最終將允許更廣泛的解決方案。

事實上,這可能是導緻美國和伊朗最終重返 JCPOA 的轉折點。

考慮到不得不採用特朗普政府或以色列所期望的伊朗政策的深淵,拜登政府可能準備就其先進的鈾離心機和其他一些問題向伊朗做出一些額外的讓步。

但國際原子能機構和西方迅速願意原諒一切並從頭開始向伊朗新總統易卜拉欣·賴西發出一個明確的信息,即邊緣政策是有效的。

現在,在以色列開始覺得德黑蘭離核門檻太近,必須使用武力結束遊行之前,將有一場競賽,看看是否能達成真正的協議——不管有多少漏洞。

IAEA ‘saves’ Iran nuke negotiations? - analysis

This may be the turning point leading to an eventual return of the US and Iran to the JCPOA.

By YONAH JEREMY BOB

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 22:05




The Iranian flag waves in front of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters, before the beginning of a board of governors meeting, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Vienna, Austria, March 1, 2021.


(photo credit: REUTERS/LISI NIESNER/FILE PHOTO)

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Stability is restored. And the Iranian nuclear threat is back to the pattern of long, dragged out but hopeful negotiations to a deal.

That was the message the IAEA and Tehran each wanted to deliver on Sunday, each for their own purposes.

An emergency trip by IAEA Director-General Rafael Grossi to the Islamic Republic once again saved the day from an imminent nuclear crisis, or, it is hoped, that the West will be hypnotized by that message back into complacency.

What did the IAEA’s new deal really achieve with Iran?

Grossi is widely respected by Israeli intelligence officials as one of the more serious international officials to deal with the nuclear issue.


‘THERE IS less access, let’s face it.’ Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Rafael Mariano Grossi ahead of a virtual IAEA Board of Governors meeting at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna last year. (credit: CHRISTIAN BRUNA/REUTERS)

So it was almost painful watching him do intellectual backflips trying to present a success, while admitting that he achieved none of his deeper goals.

Iran wanted to avoid a public condemnation by the IAEA Board of Governors, and a negative referral to the UN Security Council regarding its nuclear weapons program.

But as former IDF intelligence chief Aharon Zeevi Farkash pointed out at a conference on Sunday, Tehran nearly always has better long-term vision and strategy than its rivals.


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The Islamic Republic has run roughshod over the US and the other world powers for months in its nuclear obligations under the 2015 JCPOA nuclear deal.

Yet the second it offered any opening to the IAEA, all was essentially forgiven.

More than three-and-a-half years after the Mossad revealed the full depths of Iran’s nuclear weapons program, and two years after the IAEA started to press for answers, Iran has offered nothing.

The Islamic Republic has not stopped enriching uranium to 60%, multiple jumps above the 5% it is allowed under the JCPOA.

IAEA cameras were mysteriously broken or damaged, and were not tended to for months.

What did the IAEA and the world miss during that time period? What did we all miss during the period from May until now, when many of the other cameras may also have had technical issues since they were not replaced after three months as standard, but after around seven months?

Grossi admitted honestly that he had no answers, but said the main thing was that “communication” with the new government had been established, and this would eventually allow broader resolutions.

In truth, this may be the turning point leading to an eventual return of the US and Iran to the JCPOA.

Looking into the abyss of having to adopt the Trump administration or Israel’s desired Iran policy, the Biden administration will likely be ready to make some additional concessions to Iran regarding its advanced uranium centrifuges and some other issues.

But the quick willingness of the IAEA and the West to forgive everything and start over from square one sends a clear message to new Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi that brinkmanship works.

Now there will be a race to see if a real deal – with however many holes – is reached before Israel starts to feel that Tehran is too close to the nuclear threshold, and that it must use force to end the march.

伊拉克總理成為首位會見伊朗總統賴西的外國領導人

伊拉克總理穆斯塔法·卡德米成為周日第一位訪問伊朗總統易卜拉欣·賴西並會見伊朗總統易卜拉欣·賴西(Ebrahim Raisi)的外國領導人。

通過路透

2021 年 9 月 12 日 16:45



伊拉克總理穆斯塔法·卡迪米去年在塔爾米耶發表講話。

(圖片來源:路透社)

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伊拉克總理穆斯塔法·卡德米成為周日第一位訪問伊朗總統易卜拉欣·賴西並會見伊朗總統易卜拉欣·賴西(Ebrahim Raisi)的外國領導人。

伊拉克一直試圖在德黑蘭與包括沙特阿拉伯在內的海灣阿拉伯國家之間進行斡旋,以期阻止其鄰國在其領土上解決問題。

伊拉克已成為一方面伊朗與另一方面美國、以色列和海灣阿拉伯國家之間競爭遊樂場,美國軍隊遭到襲擊,伊朗和伊拉克準軍事領導人被暗殺。

賴西在德黑蘭舉行的聯合新聞發布會上說:“我希望儘管兩國敵人的目標不同,但我們仍將見證伊朗和伊拉克之間良好關係的擴大。”

Raisi 說,伊拉克已同意本月晚些時候在 Arbaeen 紀念先知穆罕默德的孫子伊瑪目侯賽因的 40 天哀悼期結束之際,免除伊朗朝聖者前往伊拉克什葉派聖地的簽證。

“還就兩國應採取的財政問題做出了決定,”雷西說,但沒有詳細說明。


伊朗當選總統易卜拉欣·賴西於 2021 年 6 月 21 日在伊朗德黑蘭舉行的新聞發布會上示意。(圖片來源:MAJID ASGARIPOUR/WANA(西亞新聞社)VIA REUTERS)

伊拉克依賴伊朗的天然氣和電力,但由於未付款項,最近進口一直不規律。

伊朗國有天然氣公司去年年底表示,它已削減對伊拉克逾 60 億美元的欠款,使巴格達和其他城市面臨電力短缺的風險。

伊拉克電力部上個月表示,伊朗向中部地區供應的天然氣從每天 300 萬立方米減少到 200 萬立方米,而向南部地區供應的天然氣從每天 1700 萬立方米減少到 500 萬立方米。

Iraqi PM becomes first foreign leader to meet Iran's Raisi

Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhemi became the first foreign leader on Sunday to visit and meet with Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi since the hardliner took office in August.

By REUTERS

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 16:45




IRAQI PRIME MINISTER Mustafa al-Kadhimi speaks in Tarmiyah, last year.


(photo credit: REUTERS)

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Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhemi became the first foreign leader on Sunday to visit and meet with Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi since the hardliner took office in August.

Iraq has been trying to mediate between Tehran and its Gulf Arab foes, including Saudi Arabia, in the hope of stopping its neighbors settling scores on its territory.

Iraq has become the playground of rivalries between Iran on one side and the United States, Israel and Gulf Arab states on the other, with attacks against U.S. forces and assassinations of Iranian and Iraqi paramilitary leaders.

"I hope despite the aims of the enemies of the two countries, we will witness expansion of good relations between Iran and Iraq," Raisi said in a joint news conference in Tehran.

Raisi said Iraq had agreed to waive visas for Iranian pilgrims to Shi'ite holy sites in Iraq later this month on the occasion of Arbaeen marking the end of the 40-day mourning period for Imam Hussein, Prophet Mohammed's grandson.

"Decisions were also made about the two countries' financial issues that should be adopted," Raisi said, without elaborating.


Iran's President-elect Ebrahim Raisi gestures at a news conference in Tehran, Iran June 21, 2021. (credit: MAJID ASGARIPOUR/WANA (WEST ASIA NEWS AGENCY) VIA REUTERS)

Iraq relies on Iranian gas and electricity, but imports have been irregular recently due to outstanding payments.

Iran's state gas company said late last year that it had slashed supplies to Iraq over more than $6 billion arrears, placing Baghdad and other cities at risk of power shortages.

Iraq's electricity ministry said last month that Iranian gas supplied to the central region was reduced from 3 million to 2 million cubic meters per day, while to the southern region it was reduced from 17 million to 5 million cubic meters per day.

歐盟官員:青年對西方文明終結的吸引力越來越大

歐盟希望與以色列達成情報共享協議。

作者:尤娜傑瑞米鮑勃

2021 年 9 月 12 日 20:41




2019 年 12 月 19 日,歐盟旗幟在比利時布魯塞爾的歐盟委員會總部外飄揚。


(圖片來源:REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)

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歐盟安全局局長洛朗·穆舍爾表示,“西方文明終結的想法正在吸引越來越多的年輕人”被捲入恐怖主義事業,而這一趨勢在塔利班在阿富汗獲勝後才有所增加。

Muschel 週日在荷茲利亞國際反恐研究所(ICT)發表講話時說,德國和歐洲其他地區越來越多的青少年因為認為歷史站在他們一邊反對西方而變得激進化。 .

他說,歐洲目前面臨的恐怖主義“組織性較差,涉及更多孤狼”,武器質量較低,但這只是恐怖主義威脅從更加集中和以更大的恐怖組織為基礎的演變。

“隨著從敘利亞和伊拉克戰鬥人員返回的戰鬥人員,威脅可能會增加,”穆舍爾說。“很多人試圖去敘利亞和伊拉克並被阻止”,而是被送進監獄,在那裡他們進一步激進化,很快就會被大量釋放到街頭。


2021 年 3 月 24 日,歐盟旗幟在比利時布魯塞爾的歐盟委員會總部外飄揚(圖片來源:REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)

穆舍爾表示,他希望歐盟和以色列能盡快就更有效地共享執法信息的協議完成談判,並且現任政府對此會有更大的興趣,這意味著以色列前政府沒有追求完成這筆交易。他說,他希望這筆交易能夠“在未來幾個月內簽署”。

歐盟最高安全官員還警告說,歐洲穆斯林在網上的激進化現在比某些清真寺所造成的問題更危險,歐盟爭取社交媒體巨頭迅速刪除恐怖主義內容的鬥爭還沒有結束,並且西方在這個問題上不能動搖。

他說,持續打擊恐怖主義融資也仍然是歐盟的持續挑戰和目標。

穆舍爾承諾,歐盟將繼續“與歐洲的猶太社區攜手合作,更好地保護猶太社區”。

EU official: Growing appeal among youth for end of Western civilization

The European Union hopes to cut an intelligence-sharing deal with Israel.

By YONAH JEREMY BOB

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 20:41




A European Union flag flies outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, December 19, 2019.


(photo credit: REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)

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“The idea of the end of Western civilization is appealing to more and more youngsters” being drawn into terrorist causes, said EU Director for Security Laurent Muschel, and this trend has only increased following the victory of the Taliban in Afghanistan.

Speaking at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) in Herzilya on Sunday, Muschel said that an increasing number of adolescents in Germany and other parts of Europe are becoming radicalized into militancy due to their perception that history is on their side against the West.

He said the terrorism that Europe is currently facing is “less organized and involves more lone wolves” with lower quality weapons, but that this is simply an evolution of the terrorist threat from being more centralized and based around larger terror groups.

“The threat could increase with returning fighters from Syria and Iraq fighters,” said Muschel. “A lot of people tried to go to Syria and Iraq and were prevented,” and were instead sent to prison where they were further radicalized, and will soon be released onto the streets in large numbers.


European Union flags flutter outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, March 24, 2021 (credit: REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)

Muschel said that he hoped that the EU and Israel would soon conclude negotiations regarding a deal to share law enforcement information more efficiently, and that there would be a greater interest from the current government to do so, implying that the former Israeli government had not pursued completing this deal. He said he hoped the deal would be “signed in the coming months.”

The top EU security official also warned that radicalization of Muslims in Europe online is now more dangerous than what that problem poses in some mosques, that the battle of the EU to get social media giants to quickly remove terrorist content is not near being over, and that the West cannot waver on this issue.

Consistently combating terror financing also remains a continuing challenge and goal of the EU, he said.

Muschel pledged that the EU would continue “to work hand in hand with the Jewish community in Europe to better protect the Jewish community.”

塔利班說女性可以在大學學習,但課堂必須隔離

塔利班新任高等教育部長周日表示,阿富汗女性將被允許在大學學習,但性別隔離和伊斯蘭著裝要求將是強制性的。

通過路透

2021 年 9 月 12 日 22:22




2021 年 8 月 28 日,在阿富汗喀布爾哈米德卡爾扎伊國際機場疏散期間,美國海軍陸戰隊和第 24 海軍陸戰隊遠征部隊 (MEU) 處理撤離人員,因為他們通過疏散控制中心 (ECC)。


(照片來源:SGT. VICTOR MANCILLA/美國海軍陸戰隊/通過路透社提供的資料)

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塔利班新任高等教育部長周日表示,阿富汗婦女將被允許在大學學習,因為該國在幾十年的戰爭後尋求重建,但性別隔離和伊斯蘭著裝規範將是強制性的。

部長阿卜杜勒·巴奇·哈卡尼 (Abdul Baqi Haqqani) 表示,上週任命的新塔利班政府將“開始在今天存在的基礎上建設國家”,並且不想將時間倒流到 20 年前該運動上次執政的時候。

他說,根據該運動對伊斯蘭教法的解釋,女學生將盡可能由女性教授,教室將保持分開。

“感謝上帝,我們擁有大量女教師。我們不會在這方面面臨任何問題。我們將盡一切努力為女學生尋找和提供女教師,”他在喀布爾舉行的新聞發布會上說。

問題婦女的教育一直面臨的塔利班,因為他們尋求說服世界,因為他們在20世紀90年代實行的時候婦女主要來自學習或外出工作禁止惡劣原教旨主義統治,他們已經改變核心問題之一。

塔利班官員表示,女性將能夠根據伊斯蘭教法和當地文化傳統學習和工作,但將適用嚴格的著裝規定。哈卡尼說,所有女學生都必須戴頭巾宗教面紗,但沒有具體說明這是否意味著頭巾或強制性面罩。


2021 年 8 月 26 日,英國內政大臣普里蒂·帕特爾 (Priti Patel) 與來自阿富汗的難民馬拉萊·侯賽尼 (Malalai Hussiny) 交談,後者乘坐疏散航班抵達英國倫敦的希思羅機場。(圖片來源:DOMINIC LIPINSKI/REUTERS)

週六,一群顯然由身穿黑色長袍的女學生組成的團體在喀布爾舉行示威,支持關於著裝和分開教室的規定。

哈卡尼說,在沒有女教師的情況下,將採取特別措施確保分離。

“當確實有需要時,男性也可以教(女性),但根據伊斯蘭教法,他們應該遵守面紗,”他說。必要時,教室會被拉上窗簾,將男女學生分開,也可以通過流媒體或閉路電視進行教學。

自西方支持的政府垮台和塔利班上個月占領喀布爾以來,許多地方已經可以看到被窗簾隔開的教室

哈卡尼告訴記者,阿富汗將實施性別隔離,未來幾個月還將審查大學教授的所有科目。

Taliban say women can study at university but classes must be segregated

Taliban's new Higher Education minister said on Sunday that women in Afghanistan will be allowed to study in universities but gender segregation and Islamic dress code will be mandatory.

By REUTERS

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 22:22




US Marines with the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) process evacuees as they go through the Evacuation Control Center (ECC) during an evacuation at Hamid Karzai International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistan, August 28, 2021.


(photo credit: SGT. VICTOR MANCILLA/US MARINE CORPS/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)

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Women in Afghanistan will be allowed to study in universities as the country seeks to rebuild after decades of war but gender segregation and Islamic dress code will be mandatory, the Taliban's new Higher Education minister said on Sunday.

The minister, Abdul Baqi Haqqani, said the new Taliban government, named last week, would "start building the country on what exists today" and did not want to turn the clock back 20 years to when the movement was last in power.

He said female students would be taught by women wherever possible and classrooms would remain separated, in accordance with the movement's interpretation of Islamic sharia law.

"Thanks to God we have a high number of women teachers. We will not face any problems in this. All efforts will be made to find and provide women teachers for female students," he told a news conference in Kabul.

The issue of women's education has been one of the central questions facing the Taliban as they seek to persuade the world that they have changed since the harsh fundamentalist rule they imposed in the 1990s when women were largely banned from studying or working outside the home.

Taliban officials have said women will be able to study and work in accordance with sharia law and local cultural traditions but strict dress rules will apply. Haqqani said hijab religious veils would be mandatory for all female students but did not specify if this meant headscarves or compulsory face coverings.


Britain's Home Secretary Priti Patel speaks to Malalai Hussiny a refugee from Afghanistan who arrived on a evacuation flight, at Heathrow Airport, in London, Britain August 26, 2021. (credit: DOMINIC LIPINSKI/REUTERS)

On Saturday, a group, apparently made up of women students in black robes that covered them completely from head to foot, demonstrated in Kabul in support of the rules on dress and separate classrooms.

Haqqani said that where no women teachers were available special measures would be adopted to ensure separation.

"When there is really a need, men can also teach (women) but in accordance with sharia, they should observe the veil," he said. Classrooms would be curtained off to divide male and female students where necessary and teaching could also be done through streaming or closed-circuit TV.

Classrooms divided by curtains have already been seen in many places since the Western-backed government collapse and the Taliban seized Kabul last month.

Haqqani told reporters that gender segregation would be enforced across Afghanistan and all subjects taught at colleges would also be reviewed in the coming months.

由於利庫德集團抵制,國家預算將獲得一致通過

讚揚恐怖分子成為委員會主席的MK引起了軒然大波

通過GIL HOFFMAN

2021 年 9 月 12 日 18:52




亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 在 2021 年 9 月 2 日的以色列議會預算會議上發言


(圖片來源:MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)

廣告

財政部長阿維格多·利伯曼 (Avigdor Liberman) 的兩年期國家預算提案及其隨附的經濟安排法案將在議會委員會中無人反對的情況下獲得通過,此前利庫德集團週日宣布反對派將繼續避免任命其 MK 進入委員會。

直到週日,反對派才被允許通過臨時任命投票,但它們不再有效,因為此類任命僅持續 60 天,在周末到期。

聯盟和反對派之間幾乎所有關於議會委員會組成的爭議都得到了解決。剩下的一個爭論是關於聯盟堅持保持兩個席位的多數 - 而不是一個多數 - 在議會財政委員會中的反對派,該委員會將立法大部分預算。

“我們不會配合聯盟踐踏反對派的努力,”利庫德集團主席亞里夫萊文週日告訴以色列議會眾議院委員會。

“有些規則是無法打破的,如果它們被打破,之前發生的事情就不能指望繼續下去。沒有人反對你應該擁有多數,但你的多數不能超過一個,”他補充道。

利庫德集團消息人士稱,該黨準備在數週甚至數月內在議會委員會中沒有代表,而不是進一步妥協。


Avigdor Liberman 在 2021 年 9 月 2 日的以色列議會會議上(圖片來源:MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)

聯盟主席伊迪特·西爾曼(亞米娜)回應說,聯盟實際上已經妥協,現在是利庫德集團任命其代表並使以色列議會能夠正常運作的時候了。

該聯盟的消息人士稱,以色列議會議長米基·利維 (Mickey Levy) 不希望預算案獲得一致通過。但他們說他認為聯盟的提議是公平的,他不會妨礙開始對預算進行投票。

議會內務委員會和隨後的全體會議定於週日晚些時候召開,對聯盟關於在幾個不同的議會委員會之間分配部分預算的提議進行投票。

與此同時,在投票任命 Ra'am(阿拉伯聯合名單)MK Walid Taha接替 8 月 25 日去世的 Ra'am MK Sa'eed Alharomi 擔任主席之前,週日在以色列議會內政委員會引起了軒然大波。

宗教猶太復國主義黨 MK Itamar Ben-Gvir 抗議塔哈過去發表的聲明,稱殺害以色列公民的兇手是自由戰士。

“我為此感到羞恥,所以我將不得不破壞慶祝活動,”本-格維爾說。

“MKs怎麼能不羞於歡迎任命一個認同恐怖主義的人呢?這個以我們為代價的笑話是什麼?”

相比之下,工黨主席拉姆·謝法(Ram Shefa)表示,他確信塔哈在管理委員會方面會做得非常出色,並將提供一個重要的教訓,即阿拉伯人是以色列社會的一部分。

塔哈表示,他將“以政治家的方式管理委員會,為所有以色列公民服務”,“不會有一等和二等公民”。

State budget set to pass unanimously due to Likud boycott

Uproar raised over MK who praised terrorists becoming committee chairman

By GIL HOFFMAN

SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 18:52




Yair Lapid speaking at the Knesset budget meeting September 2, 2021


(photo credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)

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Finance Minister Avigdor Liberman’s proposals for the two-year state budget and its accompanying economic arrangements bill are set to pass in Knesset committees without opposition, after the Likud announced Sunday that the opposition would continue to refrain from appointing its MKs to the committees.

Until Sunday, the opposition was allowed to vote via temporary appointments but they are no longer valid because such appointments last only for only 60 days they expired at the weekend.

Nearly all the disputes between the coalition and the opposition over the makeup of Knesset committees have been resolved. The one remaining argument is over the coalition’s insistence on keeping a two-seat majority – and not a majority of one – over the opposition in the Knesset Finance Committee, which will legislate most of the budget.

“We will not cooperate with the coalition’s efforts to trample the opposition,” Likud faction chairman Yariv Levin told the Knesset House Committee on Sunday.

“There are rules that cannot be broken, and if they are broken, what has happened before cannot be expected to continue. No one disputes that you deserve to have a majority, but your majority cannot be more than one,” he added.

Likud sources said the party was ready to remain without representation on Knesset committees for weeks and even months, rather than compromising further.


Avigdor Liberman at the Knesset meeting September 2, 2021 (credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)


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Coalition chairwoman Idit Silman (Yamina) responded by saying that the coalition had, in fact, compromised, and the time had come for the Likud to appoint its representatives and enable the Knesset to function properly.

Sources in the coalition said Knesset Speaker Mickey Levy did not want the budget to be passed unanimously. But they said he thought the coalition’s offer was fair, and he would not stand in the way of beginning voting on the budget.

The Knesset House Committee and then the plenum was set to convene late Sunday to vote on the coalition’s proposal to allocate parts of the budget among several different Knesset committees.

Meanwhile, uproar was raised in the Knesset Interior Committee on Sunday ahead of a vote to appoint Ra’am (United Arab List) MK Walid Taha as chairman in place of Ra’am MK Sa’eed Alharomi, who died on August 25.

Religious Zionist Party MK Itamar Ben-Gvir protested against past statements made by Taha, calling the murderers of Israeli citizens freedom fighters.

“I am ashamed by this, so I will have to ruin the celebration,” said Ben-Gvir.

“How can MKs not be ashamed to welcome the appointment of a man who identified with terrorism? What is this joke at our expense?”

Labor faction chairman Ram Shefa, by contrast, said he was sure that Taha would do a terrific job running the committee and would provide an important lesson that Arabs are part of Israeli society.

Taha said he would “run the committee in a statesmanlike manner and serve all Israeli citizens” and that “there will be no first class and second class citizens.”

國際原子能機構負責人稱與伊朗的協議“為外交提供了時間”

聯合國核監督機構負責人在德黑蘭達成協議以延長檢查人員對核現場監視設備的使用權後表示樂觀

機構TOI 工作人員提供今天,晚上 11:03



國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西 (Rafael Mariano Grossi) 於 2021 年 9 月 12 日抵達奧地利維也納附近施韋夏特的維也納國際機場後向媒體發表講話。 (ALEX HALADA / AFP)

奧地利維也納——聯合國核監督機構負責人對周日與伊朗達成的一項協議表示歡迎,該協議允許使用伊朗核設施的監視設備,稱這為外交談判提供了空間。

國際原子能機構(IAEA)總幹事拉斐爾·格羅西(Rafael Grossi)在維也納機場對記者說:“至少對我來說,這一直被視為權宜之計,為外交留出時間的措施。”伊朗。

伊朗和國際原子能機構此前曾宣布,他們已同意允許檢查員為該機構的監視設備提供服務,因為德黑蘭自今年早些時候以來一直限制進入。



格羅西周六前往伊朗進行會談,幾天前,國際原子能機構在一份報告中批評德黑蘭缺乏合作。

他說,有關為該機構的設備提供服務的協議將“在幾天內,很快”付諸實施。

格羅西補充說,由於該協議,該機構將“能夠保留所需的信息,以保持對伊朗計劃的了解的連續性”。



國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西 (C) 於 2021 年 9 月 12 日抵達奧地利維也納附近施韋夏特的維也納國際機場後向媒體發表講話。 (ALEX HALADA / AFP)

但是,要訪問設備記…

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