2021 年 9 月 12 日 21:28
週日，摩薩德、辛貝特和以色列國防軍情報部門的前任負責人在荷茲利亞國際反恐研究所 (ICT) 發表講話，表達了廣泛的觀點。
前以色列國防軍情報主管少將 (res.) Aharon Zeevi Farkash 和前 Shin Bet 主管 Yaakov Peri 表示美國正在進一步減少其在中東的參與，而 Shavit 表示美國將繼續存在，前摩薩德主管Efraim Halevy 說美國還沒有真正做出決定。
“中東的每個人都在等待美國離開，”Zeevi Farkash 說，並指出美國已經減少了在敘利亞、沙特阿拉伯和該地區其他地方的作用，阿富汗是華盛頓全球戰略的戲劇性延續。縮編，無論是來自中東還是其他地方。
Peri 同意 Zeevi Farkash 的觀點，稱西方和美國從其更近影響範圍之外的全球安全問題中撤出，正在鼓勵恐怖組織變得更加激進。
Zeevi Farkash 補充說，他關於撤軍的評論更多地與美國使用武力有關，尤其是地面部隊。
Zeevi Farkash 對加沙進行了磨練，他說以色列需要“對加沙進行重大打擊以恢復威懾”，並阻止哈馬斯定期發動火箭襲擊和戰爭。
關於伊朗，澤維·法卡什表示，本傑明·內塔尼亞胡的前政府“為伊朗達到核門檻提供了便利……國際原子能機構自 2 月 24 日以來一直沒有進行檢查。”
早些時候在會議上，北約情報和安全助理秘書長大衛卡特勒解釋了他在 9/11 當天的個人經歷。
Reichman University 的 ICT 創始人兼執行董事 Boaz Ganor 強調了根據不同類型的恐怖主義威脅應對不同類型恐怖主義威脅的重要性，以色列和西方需要了解差異，以打擊獨狼恐怖分子的能力和動機，非國家恐怖組織和國家資助的恐怖分子。
Biden won't be able to pull US forces from Middle East - ex-Mossad chief
The former spy chiefs expressed a wide range of views on the impacts of the Biden administration’s withdrawal from Afghanistan on global security issues.
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 21:28
HAMAS SUPPORTERS attend an anti-Israel rally in the northern Gaza Strip on Sunday.
(photo credit: MOHAMMED SALEM/REUTERS)
The US will not be able to leave the Middle East even if this is the stated goal of the Biden administration, because Middle East events and crises have a mind of their own, according to former Mossad chief Shabtai Shavit.
“The Middle East will not let you leave,” he said.
Shavit’s view was contrasted on a panel with three other former intelligence chiefs, who debated the impact of the Biden administration’s withdrawal from Afghanistan on global security issues, US staying power in the region, and threats from Iran and Hamas.
Speaking at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) in Herzilya on Sunday, the former heads of the Mossad, Shin Bet and IDF intelligence expressed a wide range of views.
Whereas former IDF intelligence chief Maj. Gen. (res.) Aharon Zeevi Farkash and former Shin Bet director Yaakov Peri said that the US was moving toward further reducing its involvement in the Middle East, Shavit said the US would remain, and former Mossad director Efraim Halevy said the US has not really decided.
“Everyone in the Middle East is waiting for the US to leave,” said Zeevi Farkash, pointing out that the US had already reduced its role in Syria, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the region, and that Afghanistan was a dramatic continuation of Washington’s global drawdown, whether from the Middle East or elsewhere.
Peri agreed with Zeevi Farkash, saying that the withdrawal of the West in general and of the US specifically from global security issues beyond their closer spheres of influence are encouraging terror groups to be more aggressive.
Shavit responded that he respects others’ views on the issue, but that while many US administrations had talked about withdrawing from the region, “if the US wants to be No. 1, it cannot leave.”
Staking out a middle ground, Halevy said “the US does not know what it will do. It is not interested in the Middle East, but in global issues,” but at the same time, “the US will not rush out” of the region.
Zeevi Farkash added that his comment about withdrawal related more to the US’s use of force, especially ground forces.
Moving on to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Shavit said he thought that the legacy of the Abraham Accords and current constellation in the region could enable an alliance of Israel, the Sunni states and the US to arrive at a resolution.
TALIBAN FORCES stand guard a day after the US troops withdrawal from Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan, last month (REUTERS).
Peri was more pessimistic, saying that the next likely major event in the West Bank would be a large “internal succession war for control” of the Palestinian Authority by would-be successors to the aging President Mahmoud Abbas.
The former Shin Bet chief warned that the instability underlying the future of Palestinian leadership meant a resolution was farther off, and that Israel would be stuck in the West Bank for years to come.
Broadly speaking, the intelligence chiefs agreed that the US withdrawal from Afghanistan had strengthened the confidence of Hamas and Hezbollah in their conflict with Israel.
Honing in on Gaza, Zeevi Farkash said that Israel would need to “strike a major blow to Gaza to return deterrence” and stop Hamas from regular rounds of rocket attacks and war.
Halevy said that Israel needed to dialogue with Hamas, recognize that the group has ruled Gaza for 14 years, and that it must reach a long-term understanding even if it would rather the group disappear.
Regarding Iran, Zeevi Farkash said that the former government of Benjamin Netanyahu “facilitated Iran getting to the nuclear threshold… The IAEA has not inspected since February 24.”
The intelligence chiefs expressed a mix of some hope and doubts about how the current government would handle the Iran issue.
Earlier at the conference, NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Intelligence and Security David Cattler explained his personal experience on the day of 9/11.
He said that it was the biggest blow to the US in its history, and that it paved the way for the state of terrorism that currently exists in globally. That terrorism is far from being defeated, he said, and evolving technologies are further empowering the threat and making it harder to counter the terror groups.
The NATO intelligence official said that the heightened online presence of Hamas, al-Qaeda and ISIS makes it easier to recruit and radicalize others going forward, and that only increased cooperation among nation-states can lead to reducing the ever-evolving threat presented by terrorism.
ICT Founder and Executive Director at Reichman University Boaz Ganor highlighted the crucial importance of addressing different kinds of terrorist threats according to their individual qualities, and that Israel and the West needed to understand the differences to combat the capabilities and motivations of lone-wolf terrorists, non-state terror organizations, and state-sponsored terrorists.
Regarding global terror trends, Ganor disputed optimistic predictions, saying these views were overly focused on the reduction of Islamic terror attacks in the West, but ignored the increase in Africa and other areas.
Furthermore, he noted an increase in right-wing extremist terror in the US and other Western countries, especially in the corona era, and that overall terror might increase across the board in the post-pandemic era.
這可能是導緻美國和伊朗最終重返 JCPOA 的轉折點。
2021 年 9 月 12 日 22:05
2021 年 3 月 1 日，在奧地利維也納爆發冠狀病毒病 (COVID-19) 期間，在理事會會議開始之前，伊朗國旗在國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總部前飄揚。
這就是 IAEA 和德黑蘭各自希望在周日傳達的信息，每個人都出於自己的目的。
“訪問較少，讓我們面對現實吧。” 國際原子能機構總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西（Rafael Mariano Grossi）去年在維也納國際原子能機構總部召開虛擬國際原子能機構理事會會議之前。（信用：克里斯蒂安布魯納/路透社）
但正如以色列國防軍前情報局長 Aharon Zeevi Farkash 在周日的一次會議上指出的那樣，德黑蘭幾乎總是比其競爭對手擁有更好的長期願景和戰略。
數月來，伊朗伊斯蘭共和國在 2015 年 JCPOA 核協議下的核義務方面對美國和其他世界大國進行了粗暴對待。
然而，一旦它向 IAEA 提供任何機會，一切基本上都被原諒了。
伊斯蘭共和國並未停止將鈾濃縮至 60%，比 JCPOA 允許的 5% 高出數倍。
原子能機構和世界在那個時期錯過了什麼？在 5 月至今的這段時間裡，我們都錯過了什麼，當時許多其他相機也可能出現技術問題，因為它們在標準三個月後沒有被更換，而是在大約七個月後？
事實上，這可能是導緻美國和伊朗最終重返 JCPOA 的轉折點。
IAEA ‘saves’ Iran nuke negotiations? - analysis
This may be the turning point leading to an eventual return of the US and Iran to the JCPOA.
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 22:05
The Iranian flag waves in front of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) headquarters, before the beginning of a board of governors meeting, amid the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Vienna, Austria, March 1, 2021.
(photo credit: REUTERS/LISI NIESNER/FILE PHOTO)
Stability is restored. And the Iranian nuclear threat is back to the pattern of long, dragged out but hopeful negotiations to a deal.
That was the message the IAEA and Tehran each wanted to deliver on Sunday, each for their own purposes.
An emergency trip by IAEA Director-General Rafael Grossi to the Islamic Republic once again saved the day from an imminent nuclear crisis, or, it is hoped, that the West will be hypnotized by that message back into complacency.
What did the IAEA’s new deal really achieve with Iran?
Grossi is widely respected by Israeli intelligence officials as one of the more serious international officials to deal with the nuclear issue.
‘THERE IS less access, let’s face it.’ Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Rafael Mariano Grossi ahead of a virtual IAEA Board of Governors meeting at the IAEA headquarters in Vienna last year. (credit: CHRISTIAN BRUNA/REUTERS)
So it was almost painful watching him do intellectual backflips trying to present a success, while admitting that he achieved none of his deeper goals.
Iran wanted to avoid a public condemnation by the IAEA Board of Governors, and a negative referral to the UN Security Council regarding its nuclear weapons program.
But as former IDF intelligence chief Aharon Zeevi Farkash pointed out at a conference on Sunday, Tehran nearly always has better long-term vision and strategy than its rivals.
The Islamic Republic has run roughshod over the US and the other world powers for months in its nuclear obligations under the 2015 JCPOA nuclear deal.
Yet the second it offered any opening to the IAEA, all was essentially forgiven.
More than three-and-a-half years after the Mossad revealed the full depths of Iran’s nuclear weapons program, and two years after the IAEA started to press for answers, Iran has offered nothing.
The Islamic Republic has not stopped enriching uranium to 60%, multiple jumps above the 5% it is allowed under the JCPOA.
IAEA cameras were mysteriously broken or damaged, and were not tended to for months.
What did the IAEA and the world miss during that time period? What did we all miss during the period from May until now, when many of the other cameras may also have had technical issues since they were not replaced after three months as standard, but after around seven months?
Grossi admitted honestly that he had no answers, but said the main thing was that “communication” with the new government had been established, and this would eventually allow broader resolutions.
In truth, this may be the turning point leading to an eventual return of the US and Iran to the JCPOA.
Looking into the abyss of having to adopt the Trump administration or Israel’s desired Iran policy, the Biden administration will likely be ready to make some additional concessions to Iran regarding its advanced uranium centrifuges and some other issues.
But the quick willingness of the IAEA and the West to forgive everything and start over from square one sends a clear message to new Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi that brinkmanship works.
Now there will be a race to see if a real deal – with however many holes – is reached before Israel starts to feel that Tehran is too close to the nuclear threshold, and that it must use force to end the march.
2021 年 9 月 12 日 16:45
Raisi 說，伊拉克已同意本月晚些時候在 Arbaeen 紀念先知穆罕默德的孫子伊瑪目侯賽因的 40 天哀悼期結束之際，免除伊朗朝聖者前往伊拉克什葉派聖地的簽證。
伊朗當選總統易卜拉欣·賴西於 2021 年 6 月 21 日在伊朗德黑蘭舉行的新聞發布會上示意。（圖片來源：MAJID ASGARIPOUR/WANA（西亞新聞社）VIA REUTERS）
伊朗國有天然氣公司去年年底表示，它已削減對伊拉克逾 60 億美元的欠款，使巴格達和其他城市面臨電力短缺的風險。
伊拉克電力部上個月表示，伊朗向中部地區供應的天然氣從每天 300 萬立方米減少到 200 萬立方米，而向南部地區供應的天然氣從每天 1700 萬立方米減少到 500 萬立方米。
Iraqi PM becomes first foreign leader to meet Iran's Raisi
Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhemi became the first foreign leader on Sunday to visit and meet with Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi since the hardliner took office in August.
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 16:45
IRAQI PRIME MINISTER Mustafa al-Kadhimi speaks in Tarmiyah, last year.
(photo credit: REUTERS)
Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhemi became the first foreign leader on Sunday to visit and meet with Iran's President Ebrahim Raisi since the hardliner took office in August.
Iraq has been trying to mediate between Tehran and its Gulf Arab foes, including Saudi Arabia, in the hope of stopping its neighbors settling scores on its territory.
Iraq has become the playground of rivalries between Iran on one side and the United States, Israel and Gulf Arab states on the other, with attacks against U.S. forces and assassinations of Iranian and Iraqi paramilitary leaders.
"I hope despite the aims of the enemies of the two countries, we will witness expansion of good relations between Iran and Iraq," Raisi said in a joint news conference in Tehran.
Raisi said Iraq had agreed to waive visas for Iranian pilgrims to Shi'ite holy sites in Iraq later this month on the occasion of Arbaeen marking the end of the 40-day mourning period for Imam Hussein, Prophet Mohammed's grandson.
"Decisions were also made about the two countries' financial issues that should be adopted," Raisi said, without elaborating.
Iran's President-elect Ebrahim Raisi gestures at a news conference in Tehran, Iran June 21, 2021. (credit: MAJID ASGARIPOUR/WANA (WEST ASIA NEWS AGENCY) VIA REUTERS)
Iraq relies on Iranian gas and electricity, but imports have been irregular recently due to outstanding payments.
Iran's state gas company said late last year that it had slashed supplies to Iraq over more than $6 billion arrears, placing Baghdad and other cities at risk of power shortages.
Iraq's electricity ministry said last month that Iranian gas supplied to the central region was reduced from 3 million to 2 million cubic meters per day, while to the southern region it was reduced from 17 million to 5 million cubic meters per day.
2021 年 9 月 12 日 20:41
2019 年 12 月 19 日，歐盟旗幟在比利時布魯塞爾的歐盟委員會總部外飄揚。
Muschel 週日在荷茲利亞國際反恐研究所(ICT)發表講話時說，德國和歐洲其他地區越來越多的青少年因為認為歷史站在他們一邊反對西方而變得激進化。 .
2021 年 3 月 24 日，歐盟旗幟在比利時布魯塞爾的歐盟委員會總部外飄揚（圖片來源：REUTERS/YVES HERMAN）
EU official: Growing appeal among youth for end of Western civilization
The European Union hopes to cut an intelligence-sharing deal with Israel.
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 20:41
A European Union flag flies outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, December 19, 2019.
(photo credit: REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)
“The idea of the end of Western civilization is appealing to more and more youngsters” being drawn into terrorist causes, said EU Director for Security Laurent Muschel, and this trend has only increased following the victory of the Taliban in Afghanistan.
Speaking at the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) in Herzilya on Sunday, Muschel said that an increasing number of adolescents in Germany and other parts of Europe are becoming radicalized into militancy due to their perception that history is on their side against the West.
He said the terrorism that Europe is currently facing is “less organized and involves more lone wolves” with lower quality weapons, but that this is simply an evolution of the terrorist threat from being more centralized and based around larger terror groups.
“The threat could increase with returning fighters from Syria and Iraq fighters,” said Muschel. “A lot of people tried to go to Syria and Iraq and were prevented,” and were instead sent to prison where they were further radicalized, and will soon be released onto the streets in large numbers.
European Union flags flutter outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, March 24, 2021 (credit: REUTERS/YVES HERMAN)
Muschel said that he hoped that the EU and Israel would soon conclude negotiations regarding a deal to share law enforcement information more efficiently, and that there would be a greater interest from the current government to do so, implying that the former Israeli government had not pursued completing this deal. He said he hoped the deal would be “signed in the coming months.”
The top EU security official also warned that radicalization of Muslims in Europe online is now more dangerous than what that problem poses in some mosques, that the battle of the EU to get social media giants to quickly remove terrorist content is not near being over, and that the West cannot waver on this issue.
Consistently combating terror financing also remains a continuing challenge and goal of the EU, he said.
Muschel pledged that the EU would continue “to work hand in hand with the Jewish community in Europe to better protect the Jewish community.”
2021 年 9 月 12 日 22:22
2021 年 8 月 28 日，在阿富汗喀布爾哈米德卡爾扎伊國際機場疏散期間，美國海軍陸戰隊和第 24 海軍陸戰隊遠征部隊 (MEU) 處理撤離人員，因為他們通過疏散控制中心 (ECC)。
（照片來源：SGT. VICTOR MANCILLA/美國海軍陸戰隊/通過路透社提供的資料）
部長阿卜杜勒·巴奇·哈卡尼 (Abdul Baqi Haqqani) 表示，上週任命的新塔利班政府將“開始在今天存在的基礎上建設國家”，並且不想將時間倒流到 20 年前該運動上次執政的時候。
2021 年 8 月 26 日，英國內政大臣普里蒂·帕特爾 (Priti Patel) 與來自阿富汗的難民馬拉萊·侯賽尼 (Malalai Hussiny) 交談，後者乘坐疏散航班抵達英國倫敦的希思羅機場。（圖片來源：DOMINIC LIPINSKI/REUTERS）
Taliban say women can study at university but classes must be segregated
Taliban's new Higher Education minister said on Sunday that women in Afghanistan will be allowed to study in universities but gender segregation and Islamic dress code will be mandatory.
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 22:22
US Marines with the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) process evacuees as they go through the Evacuation Control Center (ECC) during an evacuation at Hamid Karzai International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistan, August 28, 2021.
(photo credit: SGT. VICTOR MANCILLA/US MARINE CORPS/HANDOUT VIA REUTERS)
Women in Afghanistan will be allowed to study in universities as the country seeks to rebuild after decades of war but gender segregation and Islamic dress code will be mandatory, the Taliban's new Higher Education minister said on Sunday.
The minister, Abdul Baqi Haqqani, said the new Taliban government, named last week, would "start building the country on what exists today" and did not want to turn the clock back 20 years to when the movement was last in power.
He said female students would be taught by women wherever possible and classrooms would remain separated, in accordance with the movement's interpretation of Islamic sharia law.
"Thanks to God we have a high number of women teachers. We will not face any problems in this. All efforts will be made to find and provide women teachers for female students," he told a news conference in Kabul.
The issue of women's education has been one of the central questions facing the Taliban as they seek to persuade the world that they have changed since the harsh fundamentalist rule they imposed in the 1990s when women were largely banned from studying or working outside the home.
Taliban officials have said women will be able to study and work in accordance with sharia law and local cultural traditions but strict dress rules will apply. Haqqani said hijab religious veils would be mandatory for all female students but did not specify if this meant headscarves or compulsory face coverings.
Britain's Home Secretary Priti Patel speaks to Malalai Hussiny a refugee from Afghanistan who arrived on a evacuation flight, at Heathrow Airport, in London, Britain August 26, 2021. (credit: DOMINIC LIPINSKI/REUTERS)
On Saturday, a group, apparently made up of women students in black robes that covered them completely from head to foot, demonstrated in Kabul in support of the rules on dress and separate classrooms.
Haqqani said that where no women teachers were available special measures would be adopted to ensure separation.
"When there is really a need, men can also teach (women) but in accordance with sharia, they should observe the veil," he said. Classrooms would be curtained off to divide male and female students where necessary and teaching could also be done through streaming or closed-circuit TV.
Classrooms divided by curtains have already been seen in many places since the Western-backed government collapse and the Taliban seized Kabul last month.
Haqqani told reporters that gender segregation would be enforced across Afghanistan and all subjects taught at colleges would also be reviewed in the coming months.
2021 年 9 月 12 日 18:52
亞伊爾·拉皮德 (Yair Lapid) 在 2021 年 9 月 2 日的以色列議會預算會議上發言
（圖片來源：MARC ISRAEL SELLEM）
財政部長阿維格多·利伯曼 (Avigdor Liberman) 的兩年期國家預算提案及其隨附的經濟安排法案將在議會委員會中無人反對的情況下獲得通過，此前利庫德集團週日宣布反對派將繼續避免任命其 MK 進入委員會。
直到週日，反對派才被允許通過臨時任命投票，但它們不再有效，因為此類任命僅持續 60 天，在周末到期。
聯盟和反對派之間幾乎所有關於議會委員會組成的爭議都得到了解決。剩下的一個爭論是關於聯盟堅持保持兩個席位的多數 - 而不是一個多數 - 在議會財政委員會中的反對派，該委員會將立法大部分預算。
Avigdor Liberman 在 2021 年 9 月 2 日的以色列議會會議上（圖片來源：MARC ISRAEL SELLEM）
該聯盟的消息人士稱，以色列議會議長米基·利維 (Mickey Levy) 不希望預算案獲得一致通過。但他們說他認為聯盟的提議是公平的，他不會妨礙開始對預算進行投票。
與此同時，在投票任命 Ra'am（阿拉伯聯合名單）MK Walid Taha接替 8 月 25 日去世的 Ra'am MK Sa'eed Alharomi 擔任主席之前，週日在以色列議會內政委員會引起了軒然大波。
宗教猶太復國主義黨 MK Itamar Ben-Gvir 抗議塔哈過去發表的聲明，稱殺害以色列公民的兇手是自由戰士。
State budget set to pass unanimously due to Likud boycott
Uproar raised over MK who praised terrorists becoming committee chairman
By GIL HOFFMAN
SEPTEMBER 12, 2021 18:52
Yair Lapid speaking at the Knesset budget meeting September 2, 2021
(photo credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)
Finance Minister Avigdor Liberman’s proposals for the two-year state budget and its accompanying economic arrangements bill are set to pass in Knesset committees without opposition, after the Likud announced Sunday that the opposition would continue to refrain from appointing its MKs to the committees.
Until Sunday, the opposition was allowed to vote via temporary appointments but they are no longer valid because such appointments last only for only 60 days they expired at the weekend.
Nearly all the disputes between the coalition and the opposition over the makeup of Knesset committees have been resolved. The one remaining argument is over the coalition’s insistence on keeping a two-seat majority – and not a majority of one – over the opposition in the Knesset Finance Committee, which will legislate most of the budget.
“We will not cooperate with the coalition’s efforts to trample the opposition,” Likud faction chairman Yariv Levin told the Knesset House Committee on Sunday.
“There are rules that cannot be broken, and if they are broken, what has happened before cannot be expected to continue. No one disputes that you deserve to have a majority, but your majority cannot be more than one,” he added.
Likud sources said the party was ready to remain without representation on Knesset committees for weeks and even months, rather than compromising further.
Avigdor Liberman at the Knesset meeting September 2, 2021 (credit: MARC ISRAEL SELLEM)
Coalition chairwoman Idit Silman (Yamina) responded by saying that the coalition had, in fact, compromised, and the time had come for the Likud to appoint its representatives and enable the Knesset to function properly.
Sources in the coalition said Knesset Speaker Mickey Levy did not want the budget to be passed unanimously. But they said he thought the coalition’s offer was fair, and he would not stand in the way of beginning voting on the budget.
The Knesset House Committee and then the plenum was set to convene late Sunday to vote on the coalition’s proposal to allocate parts of the budget among several different Knesset committees.
Meanwhile, uproar was raised in the Knesset Interior Committee on Sunday ahead of a vote to appoint Ra’am (United Arab List) MK Walid Taha as chairman in place of Ra’am MK Sa’eed Alharomi, who died on August 25.
Religious Zionist Party MK Itamar Ben-Gvir protested against past statements made by Taha, calling the murderers of Israeli citizens freedom fighters.
“I am ashamed by this, so I will have to ruin the celebration,” said Ben-Gvir.
“How can MKs not be ashamed to welcome the appointment of a man who identified with terrorism? What is this joke at our expense?”
Labor faction chairman Ram Shefa, by contrast, said he was sure that Taha would do a terrific job running the committee and would provide an important lesson that Arabs are part of Israeli society.
Taha said he would “run the committee in a statesmanlike manner and serve all Israeli citizens” and that “there will be no first class and second class citizens.”
國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西 (Rafael Mariano Grossi) 於 2021 年 9 月 12 日抵達奧地利維也納附近施韋夏特的維也納國際機場後向媒體發表講話。 (ALEX HALADA / AFP)
國際原子能機構 (IAEA) 總幹事拉斐爾·馬里亞諾·格羅西 (C) 於 2021 年 9 月 12 日抵達奧地利維也納附近施韋夏特的維也納國際機場後向媒體發表講話。 (ALEX HALADA / AFP)