Hidden Brain
Hidden Brain
Sep 14, 2020
Why Nobody Feels Rich
Play episode · 32 min
If you've ever flown in economy class on a plane, you probably had to walk through the first class cabin to get to your seat. Maybe you noticed the extra leg room. The freshly-poured champagne. Maybe you were annoyed, or envious. Social psychologist Keith Payne says we tend to compare ourselves with those who have more than us, but rarely with those who have less. This week, we revisit our 2019 episode on the psychology of income inequality, and how perceptions of our own wealth shape our lives.
How to Save a Planet
How to Save a Planet
Cold Hard Cash for Your Greenhouse Gas
Cold Hard Cash for Your Greenhouse Gas When we think about what’s heating up the planet, we may picture CO2 from smokestacks and tailpipes. But there are other greenhouse gases that are even more dangerous. And some of these are hiding in garages and sheds all over the country. We’re talking about refrigerants. They’re the secret sauce behind how refrigerators and air conditioners keep things cool. But they’re heating up the planet. This week, in collaboration with NPR’s Planet Money, we take a ride with a couple of guys who tackle these climate threats with a pair of extremely high-tech tools: a van, and some cold hard cash. Then, we talk about the climate solution you could be interacting with every time you buy ice cream. Also, sign up for our newsletter if you haven’t already!  Calls to action Find out what refrigerant your local grocer uses at climatefriendlysupermarkets.org. Check out how the big supermarket chains are doing on HFCs using the Supermarket Scorecard. As for your own household fridge, if you're in the market or know someone who is, choose an HFC-free model. Learn more about how to properly dispose of your fridge, freezer, air conditioners, and other such appliances at the end of their useful lives. Of course, you can always call Tim and Gabe to help with disposal too! Check out their work at Tradewater and Refrigerant Finders. Sign Green America’s Cool It! Campaign petition. While you’re there, find a climate friendly supermarket near you and thank them! If you’re a business owner, submit a letter to the Trump Administration asking them to ratify the Kigali Amendment, the international treaty that sets the phase down schedule for HFCs globally. You would be joining many states, major industry refrigerant suppliers, and elected officials from both sides of the aisle. The AIM Act is a bipartisan bill, supported by both the House and the Senate, that effectively would enforce the same HFC phase down schedule as the Kigali Amendment without needing to ratify it – it would cut HFC use by 85% by 2035! However, it’s likely to be vetoed by the current President. So...vote, specifically, #VoteClimate. And when it comes to local candidates those really matter too for things like public transit and composting and bike lines, so please do a little digging of your own on local candidates. Finally, if you do end up taking one of these actions — do us a favor and tell us about it! We’d love to hear about what you did and what it felt like. So if you do something, record a short voice memo on your phone and send it to us at howtosaveaplanet@spotify.com. We might use it in an upcoming episode.
45 min
Curiosity Daily
Curiosity Daily
Einstein Worried That Science Can't Explain "The Now"
Learn why Einstein worried that science can’t explain “the now,” how high-impact exercise is actually good for your bones, and why in Haiti, zombies are more than fiction. Curiosity Daily is a finalist in the 2020 Discover Pods Awards, and we need your vote to win! Please vote for Curiosity Daily for Best Technology & Science Podcast via the link below. It's free and only takes a minute. Thanks so much! https://awards.discoverpods.com/vote/ Einstein Worried That Science Can't Explain "The Now" by Ashley Hamer Carnap, R., & Schilpp, P. A. (1963). The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://fitelson.org/confirmation/carnap_schilpp_volume.pdf Mermin, N. D. (2014). Physics: QBism puts the scientist back into science. Nature, 507(7493), 421–423. https://doi.org/10.1038/507421a Now — And The Physics Of Time. (2016, September 27). NPR.Org. https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2016/09/27/495608371/now-and-the-physics-of-time High-Impact Exercise Is Actually Good for Your Bones by Ashley Hamer Russo, C. R. (2009). The effects of exercise on bone. Basic concepts and implications for the prevention of fractures. Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism : The Official Journal of the Italian Society of Osteoporosis, Mineral Metabolism, and Skeletal Diseases, 6(3), 223–228. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2811354/  ‌Fuchs, R. K., Bauer, J. J., & Snow, C. M. (2001). Jumping Improves Hip and Lumbar Spine Bone Mass in Prepubescent Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 16(1), 148–156. https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.2001.16.1.148  ‌Deere, K., Sayers, A., Rittweger, J., & Tobias, J. H. (2012). Habitual levels of high, but not moderate or low, impact activity are positively related to hip BMD and geometry: Results from a population‐based study of adolescents. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 27(9), 1887–1895. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.1631  ‌Ireland, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Mcphee, J., Cooke, K., Narici, M., Degens, H., & Rittweger, J. (2013). Upper Limb Muscle–Bone Asymmetries and Bone Adaptation in Elite Youth Tennis Players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 45(9), 1749–1758. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e31828f882f Nikander, R., Sievänen, H., Heinonen, A., & Kannus, P. (2004). Femoral Neck Structure in Adult Female Athletes Subjected to Different Loading Modalities. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 20(3), 520–528. https://doi.org/10.1359/jbmr.041119  How to keep your bones healthy. (2019). Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/bone-health/art-20045060  ‌Fractures due to osteoporosis threaten seniors’ independence |  International Osteoporosis Foundation. (2017). Iofbonehealth.Org. https://www.iofbonehealth.org/news/fractures-due-osteoporosis-threaten-seniors%E2%80%99-independence  ‌Tucker, L. A., Strong, J. E., LeCheminant, J. D., & Bailey, B. W. (2015). Effect of Two Jumping Programs on Hip Bone Mineral Density in Premenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. American Journal of Health Promotion, 29(3), 158–164. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.130430-quan-200  Koli, J., Multanen, J., Kujala, U. M., Häkkinen, A., Nieminen, M. T., Kautiainen, H., Lammentausta, E., Jämsä, T., Ahola, R., Selänne, H., Kiviranta, I., & Heinonen, A. (2015). Effects of Exercise on Patellar Cartilage in Women with Mild Knee Osteoarthritis. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 47(9), 1767–1774. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0000000000000629  Reynolds, G. (2016, March 15). Why High-Impact Exercise Is Good for Your Bones. Well. https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/07/why-high-impact-exercise-is-good-for-your-bones/?partner=rss&emc=rss  In Haiti, Zombies Are More Than Fiction by Cameron Duke Del Guercio, G. (2017, October 31). From the Archives: The Secrets of Haiti’s Living Dead. Harvard Magazine. https://www.harvardmagazine.com/2017/10/are-zombies-real Pufferfish | National Geographic. (2010, March 12). Nationalgeographic.Com. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/group/pufferfish/ Lago, J., Rodríguez, L., Blanco, L., Vieites, J., & Cabado, A. (2015). Tetrodotoxin, an Extremely Potent Marine Neurotoxin: Distribution, Toxicity, Origin and Therapeutical Uses. Marine Drugs, 13(10), 6384–6406. https://doi.org/10.3390/md13106384 Littlewood, R., & Douyon, C. (1997). Clinical findings in three cases of zombification. The Lancet, 350(9084), 1094–1096. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(97)04449-8 Subscribe to Curiosity Daily to learn something new every day with Ashley Hamer and Natalia Reagan (filling in for Cody Gough). You can also listen to our podcast as part of your Alexa Flash Briefing; Amazon smart speakers users, click/tap “enable” here: https://www.amazon.com/Curiosity-com-Curiosity-Daily-from/dp/B07CP17DJY See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
13 min
Science Friday
Science Friday
Science Friday and WNYC Studios
Should We Trust Election Forecasting, COVID Dreams. Oct 23, 2020, Part 1
The first “scientific” election poll was conducted in 1936 by George Gallup, who correctly predicted that Franklin D. Roosevelt would win the presidential election. Since Gallup, our appetite for polls and forecasts has only grown, but watching the needle too closely might have some unintended side effects. Solomon Messing, chief scientist at ACRONYM, a political digital strategy nonprofit, tells us about a study he co-authored that found people are often confused by what forecast numbers mean, and that their confidence in an election’s outcome might depress voter turnout. Sunshine Hillygus, professor of political science and public policy at Duke University, also joins to tell us about the history of polling in the United States. Next up, say you're standing in a crowded room and realizing nobody is wearing a mask. Or a family dog that has passed away protectively guarding grandkids. Maybe having a pleasant get-together with someone you haven’t thought of in years, then suddenly realizing everyone is a little too close, and a little too sick. Do any of these instances sound familiar? A few weeks ago, we asked Science Friday listeners if their dreams have changed since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. We heard from many listeners who said yes, their dreams have become more vivid, with elements of the pandemic included. A change in dreams due to a crisis is very common, says Deirdre Barrett, a dream researcher and assistant professor of psychology at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. When we’re in a dream state, the brain is processing the same things we think about during the day. But when we’re asleep, the parts of our brain that handle logic and speech are damped down. The parts that handle visuals, however, are ramped up. Barrett has been collecting dreams from people all over the world since the start of the pandemic. She says common dream themes range from actually getting the virus, natural disasters and bug attacks. Healthcare workers have regularly reported the highest level of stressful COVID-19 dreams, according to her data. “The typical dream from the healthcare workers is really a full-on nightmare,” Barrett says. “Just as bad as you’d see in war zones.” Barrett joins SciFri producer Kathleen Davis to talk about her research into crisis dreams, and what people can do if they want to experience stressful dreams less often. And, search engine giant Google was served an antitrust lawsuit by the Justice Department this week, which alleges the company abuses its near-monopoly status to harm consumers and competitors. This is the first such action against the company, which, over the last couple decades, has grown into one of the more powerful tech companies in history. Meanwhile, early data from New York City schools shows a promising picture of what back-to-school in the age of COVID means. Out of more than 16,000 randomly tested students and staff members, only 28 positive results came back—20 from staff members, and eight from students. While COVID-19 cases in K-12 schools across the country are not zero, low rates are the norm so far. Joining Ira to talk about these stories and other news from the week is Nsikan Akpan, a science editor at National Geographic in Washington, D.C.
47 min
Ten Percent Happier with Dan Harris
Ten Percent Happier with Dan Harris
ABC News
#295: How To Be Grateful When Everything Sucks | DaRa Williams
In the face of the seemingly unremitting horrors of 2020, is it possible -- or wise -- to generate gratitude? My guest today argues: yes. DaRa Williams is a longtime practitioner and teacher of meditation. She is one of the guiding teachers at the Insight Meditation Society. She’s also had a clinical mental health private practice in Manhattan for many years. DaRa Williams says, only semi-facetiously, that she believes gratitude can be considered the fifth Brahma Vihara. As you know, we’ve just wrapped up our special Election Sanity series here on the podcast, where we explored the ancient Buddhist list called the Four Brahma Viharas: loving-kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy, and equanimity. Speaking of Election Sanity, we’re also running a special meditation challenge on the Ten Percent Happier app. Technically, it started yesterday, but it’s not too late to join. It’s only a week long, and it will help you stay engaged in this bananas election season without losing your mind. Download the Ten Percent Happier app today to get started. But back to gratitude, let’s dive in now with DaRa Williams. Where to find DaRa Williams online: Dharmaseed: https://dharmaseed.org/teacher/611/ IMS: https://www.dharma.org/teacher/dara-williams/ Additional Resources: •   Ten Percent Happier Live: https://tenpercent.com/live •   Coronavirus Sanity Guide: https://www.tenpercent.com/coronavirussanityguide •   Free App access for Frontline Workers: https://tenpercent.com/care Full Shownotes: https://www.tenpercent.com/podcast-episode/dara-williams-295
1 hr 3 min
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