Very Bad Wizards
Very Bad Wizards
Aug 25, 2020
Episode 195: Jesus on Trial (Dostoevsky's "The Brothers Karamazov")
Play episode · 1 hr 56 min

David and Tamler dive into the most celebrated and philosophically rich scenes in Dostoevsky’s masterpiece "The Brothers Karamazov." Alyosha gets in the middle of a rock-fight, Ivan Karamazov makes a devastating moral case against God, and the Grand Inquisitor convicts Jesus Christ of heresy against the church. (Note: this segment is the second of an upcoming five episode VBW miniseries on The Brothers Karamazov – more info on that to come very soon!) Plus one of us has a milestone birthday...

[Special note from Peez: Stick around after the closing music to hear VBWs most frequent guests Paul Bloom and Yoel Inbar talk to David about Tamler behind his back.]

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Science Salon
Science Salon
Michael Shermer
140. Rebecca Wragg Sykes — Kindred: Neanderthal Life, Love, Death and Art
The common narrative of Neanderthals is that they were a group of dullard losers whose extinction 40,000 years ago was due to smarter competition and a little of interbreeding with our own forebears. Likening someone to a Neanderthal was and, most likely, still is a top-rate anthropological insult. But, in the past few decades, Neanderthal finds have greatly contradicted our perception of the species. In Kindred, Rebecca Wragg Sykes combs through the avalanche of scientific discoveries of the species and uses her experience at the cutting-edge of Paleolithic research to share our new understanding of Neanderthals, shoving aside cliches of rag-clad brutes in an icy wasteland. She reveals them to be curious, clever connoisseurs of their world, technologically inventive and ecologically adaptable. They ranged across vast tracts of tundra and steppe, but also stalked in dappled forests and waded in the Mediterranean Sea. Above all, they were successful survivors for more than 300,000 years, during times of massive climatic upheaval. Shermer and Sykes also discuss: * the nature of species and if Neanderthals and Homo sapiens are one or two species, * the deep time span of Neanderthals, * the wide geography of Neanderthals, * how archaeologists work today to discern Neanderthal lives and minds, * Neanderthal DNA and what we have learned from it, * Neanderthal bodies, * Neanderthal brains and minds, * Neanderthal tools and what they tell us about their lives, * Neanderthal hunting/caloric needs, * Neanderthal art, * Neanderthal sex and love and social lives, * Neanderthal death, burial, afterlife beliefs, and possible religious beliefs, and * extinction: what happened to the Neanderthals? Rebecca Wragg Sykes has been fascinated by the vanished worlds of the Pleistocene ice ages since childhood, and followed this interest through a career researching the most enigmatic characters of all, the Neanderthals. After a Ph.D. on the last Neanderthals living in Britain, she worked in France at the world-famous PACEA laboratory, Université de Bordeaux, on topics ranging from Neanderthal landscapes and territories in the Massif Central region of south-east France, to examining how they were the first ancient humans to produce a synthetic material and tools made of multiple parts. Alongside her academic activities, she has also earned a reputation for exceptional public engagement. The public can follow her research through a personal blog and Twitter account, and she frequently writes for the popular media, including the Scientific American and Guardian science blogs. Becky is passionate about sharing the privileged access scientists have to fascinating discoveries about the Neanderthals. She is also co-founder of the influential Trowelblazers project, which highlights women archaeologists, palaeontologists and geologists through innovative outreach and collaboration.
1 hr 39 min
The Panpsycast Philosophy Podcast
The Panpsycast Philosophy Podcast
Jack Symes | Andrew Horton, Oliver Marley, Gregory Miller
Episode 88, Buddhism (Part I - The Life of Siddhartha Gautama)
Introduction Jack was walking down a street. It was a day like any other. As ever, his mind was a flurry of thoughts, worries, and anxieties, stimulated by coffee and the bright light of his phone. In a bid to relieve his stress, he put his phone in his pocket, and tried to notice the details he would usually ignore.  As he walked past the pharmacy, he saw a sick man coughing and spluttering; he was throwing medication back to stop his disease from decaying his body. Jack kept walking and came across an old woman waiting at a bus stop. She was fragile, crooked, and anxious; clearly age had taken much from her. Crossing the road away from the bus stop, he waited for the traffic to pass. Driving slowly past him was a hearse: a coffin on full display, surrounded by flowers, proceeded by a stream of weeping mourners.  Jack fell to his knees, overwhelmed with despair, “we all get sick, we all age, and we all die. We cannot escape this fate!” His head against the pavement, he didn’t move for almost an hour. When he got up, he was approached by a homeless man, to whom he said, “sorry, I don’t have any change.” The man replied, “It is you who needs a little change, young monk. I know why you fall to your knees in despair: the inescapable suffering of life weighs on us all. Let me tell you of someone who was once like you, who tried to remove suffering from our minds… let me tell you the story of Siddhartha Gotama, The Buddha.” Contents Part I. The Life of Siddhārtha Gautama Part II. The Four Noble Truths Part III. The Cycle of Life Part IV. The Eightfold Path Part V. Further Analysis and Discussion Links Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction. Book. Buddhist Ethics: A Very Short Introduction. Book. Why Buddhism Is True, Robert Wright. Book. The Foundations of Buddhism, Rupert Gethin. Book. Buddhism, The Great Courses. Lecture series. What the Buddha Taught, Walpola Rahula. Pdf. The Problem of Mindfulness, Sahanika Ratnayake. Online essay. Buddha, Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Webpage. Buddha, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Webpage.
1 hr 15 min
The Dissenter
The Dissenter
Ricardo Lopes
#383 Daniel Kruger: Life History Theory, Time Perspective, and Health
------------------Support the channel------------ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thedissenter SubscribeStar: https://www.subscribestar.com/the-dissenter PayPal: paypal.me/thedissenter PayPal Subscription 1 Dollar: https://tinyurl.com/yb3acuuy PayPal Subscription 3 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/ybn6bg9l PayPal Subscription 5 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/ycmr9gpz PayPal Subscription 10 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/y9r3fc9m PayPal Subscription 20 Dollars: https://tinyurl.com/y95uvkao ------------------Follow me on--------------------- Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/thedissenteryt/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TheDissenterYT Anchor (podcast): https://anchor.fm/thedissenter Dr. Daniel Kruger is Research Investigator in the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. He applies evolutionary principles to advance the understanding of a wide range of human psychology and behavior. Much of his work is founded on Life History Theory, which provides a powerful framework for understanding individual variation. He pursues both basic research to advance theory as well as applied projects that leverage the most powerful theoretical framework in the life sciences to promote human well-being and sustainability. In this episode, we talk about life history theory, and its application in evolutionary psychology. We discuss mating and parenting effort, and sex differences in life history strategies. We also talk about the evolved psychology of time perspective. We mention how life history theory helps us better understand certain modern health issues. And, finally, we talk about postcoital behaviors, and sex differences related to them. -- Follow Dr. Kruger’s work: Faculty page: https://bit.ly/2UtFLyk ResearchGate profile: https://bit.ly/2QXLF8B -- A HUGE THANK YOU TO MY PATRONS/SUPPORTERS: KARIN LIETZCKE, ANN BLANCHETTE, PER HELGE LARSEN, LAU GUERREIRO, JERRY MULLER, HANS FREDRIK SUNDE, BERNARDO SEIXAS, HERBERT GINTIS, RUTGER VOS, RICARDO VLADIMIRO, BO WINEGARD, CRAIG HEALY, OLAF ALEX, PHILIP KURIAN, JONATHAN VISSER, DAVID DIAS, ANJAN KATTA, JAKOB KLINKBY, ADAM KESSEL, MATTHEW WHITINGBIRD, ARNAUD WOLFF, TIM HOLLOSY, HENRIK AHLENIUS, JOHN CONNORS, PAULINA BARREN, FILIP FORS CONNOLLY, DAN DEMETRIOU, ROBERT WINDHAGER, RUI INACIO, ARTHUR KOH, ZOOP, MARCO NEVES, MAX BEILBY, COLIN HOLBROOK, SUSAN PINKER, THOMAS TRUMBLE, PABLO SANTURBANO, SIMON COLUMBUS, PHIL KAVANAGH, JORGE ESPINHA, CORY CLARK, MARK BLYTH, ROBERTO INGUANZO, MIKKEL STORMYR, ERIC NEURMANN, SAMUEL ANDREEFF, FRANCIS FORDE, TIAGO NUNES, BERNARD HUGUENEY, ALEXANDER DANNBAUER, OMARI HICKSON, PHYLICIA STEVENS, FERGAL CUSSEN, YEVHEN BODRENKO, HAL HERZOG, NUNO MACHADO, DON ROSS, JOÃO ALVES DA SILVA, JONATHAN LEIBRANT, JOÃO LINHARES, OZLEM BULUT, NATHAN NGUYEN, STANTON T, SAMUEL CORREA, ERIK HAINES, MARK SMITH, J.W., JOÃO EIRA, TOM HUMMEL, SARDUS FRANCE, DAVID SLOAN WILSON, YACILA DEZA-ARAUJO, AND IDAN SOLON! A SPECIAL THANKS TO MY PRODUCERS, YZAR WEHBE, JIM FRANK, ŁUKASZ STAFINIAK, IAN GILLIGAN, SERGIU CODREANU, LUIS CAYETANO, MATTHEW LAVENDER, TOM VANEGDOM, CURTIS DIXON, BENEDIKT MUELLER, AND VEGA GIDEY! AND TO MY EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS, MICHAL RUSIECKI, ROSEY, AND JAMES PRATT!
1 hr 3 min
Two for Tea with Iona Italia and Helen Pluckrose
Two for Tea with Iona Italia and Helen Pluckrose
Iona Italia and Helen Pluckrose
65 - Helen Pluckrose - Cynical Theories and Their Liberal Opponents
Helen’s book, co-written with James A. Lindsay, Cynical Theories: How Activist Scholarship Made Everything about Race, Gender, and Identity—and Why This Harms Everybody (2020) can be found here: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Cynical-Theories-Scholarship-Everything-Identity/dp/1634312023. Helen’s writing for Areo magazine can be found here: https://areomagazine.com/author/hpluckrose/ For more on the Sokal Squared hoax, which Helen perpetrated, alongside James Lindsay and Peter Boghossian see: https://areomagazine.com/2018/10/02/academic-grievance-studies-and-the-corruption-of-scholarship/ You can follow Helen on Twitter @hpluckrose Further Notes Alexander Pope, Epistles to Several Persons: Epistle II: To a Lady on the Characters of Women (1743) (I misremembered the title as An Essay on Woman): https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/44893/epistles-to-several-persons-epistle-ii-to-a-lady-on-the-characters-of-women Kimberle Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color” (1991): https://www.racialequitytools.org/resourcefiles/mapping-margins.pdf Walt Anderson, The Fontana Postmodernism Reader (1996) For more on the Evergreen story, see my interview with Benjamin Boyce: https://soundcloud.com/twoforteapodcast/27-benjamin-boyce and this video series by Mike Nayna: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FH2WeWgcSMk For the Ravelry knitting group scandal, see: https://quillette.com/2019/02/17/a-witch-hunt-on-instagram/ Herbert Marcuse “Repressive Tolerance” (1965): https://la.utexas.edu/users/hcleaver/330T/350kPEEMarcuseToleranceTable.pdf Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks (1929–35), for the concept of hegemony Andrea Lynn Lewis and Liam Kofi Bright’s letter exchange on Critical Race Theory: https://letter.wiki/conversation/322 Greg Lukianoff and Jonathan Haidt, The Coddling of the American Mind (2015) Isabel Wilkinson, Caste: The Lies that Divide Us (2020) Akala, Natives: Race and Class in the Ruins of Empire (2019) Jonathan Rauch, Kindly Inquisitors: The New Attacks on Free Thought (1993) Timestamps 2:40 Helen reads a passage about how people can stand up for liberalism without having to go down the woke route 5:35 Cultural and moral relativism 9:14 How postmodernism developed into critical theory: knowledge, power and discourse 19:45 The two evolutions of postmodernism: in the late 1980s and 2010s and the rise of identity politics 25:42 Being woke 26:59 The impacts on wider society and politics 30:08 Why social justice isn’t neo-Marxism or cultural Marxism 34:50 The influence of critical theory on academe 38:00 What is the relationship between critical theory as theory and critical theory as practice 41:37 How people are being affected in the workplace 49:01 How much should we focus on economics and how much on identity 53:03 Freedom of speech 56:15 Why is it called “theory”? 57:08 Why should we take the danger of critical theory seriously and not just see it as a moral panic? 1:00:15 Trump’s announced ban on Critical Race Theory in federal training 1:05:25 Helen’s crimes against food 1:07:35 Collective guilt, identity politics and standpoint epistemology 1:15:51 The responses to Helen as a whistleblower 1:21:09 Helen reads from the introduction to the book
1 hr 26 min
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