Voices in Japan
Voices in Japan
Oct 23, 2019
Halloween, the Japanese Way
Play episode · 45 min

With October coming to a close, the atmosphere in Japan is building up to one of the favorite events for adults in the country - Halloween!  While it is very rare to see kids trick-or-treating in the streets, adults in Japan can enjoy costume parties at clubs in the city and even in the streets.  The famous Shibuya crossing Halloween party in Tokyo will try to overcome the over-the-top raucous behavior by the thousands of revelers that gather and celebrate around the station by banning alcohol starting from this year

Eric from Seattle (and long-time resident of Japan) joins the podcast to enlighten Ben and Burke about the costume competitions that take place in nightclubs around Sapporo City, where contest winners can walk away with ¥100,000 in prize money, and all of the other fun ways to celebrate Halloween in Japan!  Enjoy the show!

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CTO.ai and Mayuko Inoue
Remote vs. On-site: With Guests Katie Womersley & Emily Freeman
On this episode of _if/else_, host Mayuko Inoue explores a choice faced by developers and the companies that employ them: is it better to work remotely or in an office? Remote work can give employees and contractors greater flexibility and autonomy, but it can also lead to social isolation. On-site work can result in better social connection with co-workers, but it can also mean annoying commutes for employees, and expensive office space for businesses. The episode begins with a quick backgrounder on these two options, and you’ll hear from several software developers about what they like and dislike about each scenario. You’ll also meet Jonathan Sexton. Jonathan is a front end developer based in San Antonio, Texas. He’s weighing two job offers; one for a remote gig, and one at an office. Jonathan values the potential flexibility of the remote job as he manages a busy family life, but he also knows that, as a junior developer, he may learn more from senior colleagues if he’s on-site. To help Jonathan decide on which option might work best for his career and his young family, we’ve enlisted the help of two experts to debate the promises and pitfalls of remote and on-site work. Emily Freeman is the author of _DevOps for Dummies_ and leads the modern operations team in cloud advocacy at Microsoft. Katie Womersley is the VP of Engineering at Buffer and advocates for remote work and distributed teams. Katie and Emily join Mayuko to explore the pros and cons of each job scenario to give Jonathan—and anyone else facing this important decision—some useful advice on what he should consider as he weighs his options. They also discuss the contentious issue of location-based pay; should remote developers living in areas with a lower cost of living, be paid less than their colleagues in expensive cities? During the debate, Katie references a study on increased productivity from remote work. You can also read about the unintended consequences of open-concept offices in a study from the Harvard Business School. _if/else_ is an original podcast by CTO.ai, makers of The Ops Platform. The Ops Platform makes it easy for development teams to create and share workflow automations without leaving the command line. Visit cto.ai/platform to join the beta. If you enjoy the show, please leave a ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ rating or review on Apple Podcasts.
32 min
Uncanny Japan - Japanese Folklore, Folktales, Myths and Language
Uncanny Japan - Japanese Folklore, Folktales, Myths and Language
Thersa Matsuura
Yuurei: Japanese Ghosts from Protective to Wrathful (Ep. 62)
Yuurei are Japanese ghosts and they come in quite a few varieties, from the protecting shugorei to the vengeful and very dangerous onryou. Kahada Koheiji is an example of a male onryou. You can also find me on: Twitter: https://twitter.com/UncannyJapan Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/uncannyjapan/ Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/thersamatsuura Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/uncannyjapan/ Amazon: https://amzn.to/3mgCVsd YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqAtoUS51HDi2d96_aLv95w Website: https://www.uncannyjapan.com/ Notes: Intro/Outro by Julyan Ray Matsuura. Here and here. And here. Transcript: Do you believe in ghosts? Let’s go one further. Have you ever seen a ghost? Maybe you were sitting alone in a room concentrating on a book or a screen and out of the corner of your eye someone walks by, a shadowy figure. Your heart hitches in your chest. You look up and nobody’s there. You look behind you. No one. Yet you’re absolutely sure someone just passed by. Or perhaps you spent the weekend away, camping with friends. Back in the privacy of your home, you’re looking through all the photos you took, when you come across the selfie of the four of you all gathered inside the tent in the middle of the night, flashlights under your chins for silly effect. Except when you examine the photograph closer you notice there aren’t four people. There are five. There’s another face positioned between you and your best friend. He’s looking up at you, his mouth twisted into a sneer. His hand is on your shoulder. Or it could be that you come home late. It’s almost midnight. Your partner is visiting their parents and you’re all alone. You want to relax a little before head up to bed. So you turn on the TV and, Oh, look there’s an unmarked video sitting there. This has got to be good. You slide it into your VCR and push play. We know what happens next. It’s almost Halloween, so let’s do something a little spooky. In this episode of Uncanny Japan let’s talk about Japanese ghosts. Specifically, the various kinds of ghosts you might just run into while living or visiting Japan. Intro: CM: Sakuna of Rice and Ruin What is a Yuurei/幽霊? In Japanese the word for ghost is _yuurei_ (幽霊)The first character _yuu_ means faint or dim, while the second character _rei_ (霊) means spirit or soul. The idea behind _yuurei_ goes something like this: All people have _reikon_ (霊魂) or souls. And when we die these souls need to be helped to move on to the other side. This is done by proper funeral ceremony and practices. That is an entire episode in and of itself, Japanese funerals. But back to ghosts. If for some reason a person’s _reikon_ doesn’t make it across or otherwise gets stuck, then you get a ghost, a _yuurei_. Depending on the emotion and the kind of stuck-ness that occurs you get a different kind of ghost. This all sounds at least a little familiar, I guess. Joubutsu/成仏 - Attaining Buddhahood: Now the act of moving to this other side is called _joubutsu_ (成仏). It means to attain Buddhahood. But in this case, it’s not what you think. It doesn’t mean someone has spent years in a temple, meditating, shedding all their desires and attachments, to finally reach _satori_ or enlightenment on their deathbed, so that now they can go hobnob with the other Buddhas. Not exactly. When talking about death and ghosts, _joubutsu_ just means that when someone dies and the proper ceremonies are performed, that person will be released from this world and can pass into a more comfortable place, like a Buddhist paradise. Although I often hear people talking about deceased loved ones saying that they’ve become a Buddha. I believe the feeling is a little different than what we in the west would consider a Buddha. Or the buddha. Identifying a Japanese Ghost/Yuurei: Anyway, I think the first thing I ever heard about ghosts in Japan was from an exchange student studying at my university. He said that the difference between Japanese ghosts and other country’s ghosts is the Japanese ones don’t have legs. Not 100% sure, but I think ghosts all over the world have the legless variety, no? That aside, there’s actually a bunch of other more interesting characteristics Japanese spectres possess. For example, you’ll often find _yuurei_ dressed in an all white kimono. This is because back during the Edo Era the deceased were dressed in an all white before they were buried. Since people didn’t normally go around wearing white kimono, if you saw an image depicted that way, or on stage at a kabuki play, it was a sure bet they were a _yuurei._ You’ll also find those white-kimono’d ghosts are often wearing a white triangle piece of cloth or paper on their foreheads. This is called a _hitaikakushi_, “hide the forehead” and is also part of the funeral attire. While it seems that in Japan women _yuurei_ are more common, you do come across male ghosts, too. They both tend to have long black haired that is all mussed up. Okay, let’s talk about the different types of ghosts. There are quite a few. I picked a handful of the more common and colorful ones to go into today. Shugorei/Guardian Ghost: Let’s start off lighthearted with the _shugorei_(守護霊). These are souls that protect you throughout your life, a guardian spirit, so to speak. It’s said every person has at least one _shugorei_. But some lucky folk have more. It’s easy to assume that in Japan it’s one’s ancestors who act as the guardian spirits, especially since so much attention is spent remembering and making offerings to these predecessors, but it isn’t always the case. Your guardian spirit or spirits are souls that are similar to yours. They want to help guide you in the right direction, or save you when you’re in a pinch. There. Happy ghosts. Since we started pleasantly, let’s continue while getting more and more disturbing as we go along. Doubutsurei/Animal Spirit: Number two, _doubutsurei_(動物霊)or animal ghosts. The Shinto religion holds that everything has a spirit. Not only humans and rocks and trees, but animals, too. Also, Buddhism doesn’t differentiate between people souls and animal souls. So both of Japan’s main religious are okay with the belief that animals have reikon, souls, and therefore, there are animal ghosts. Which is nice. Except when they’re not so nice and an animal spirit wants to haunt or posses you. It sounds like foxes and big snakes are often the culprits here. An example of a really bad _doubutsurei_ is _kokkuri-san_, which is a fox spirit, but when I hear the word _kokkuri-san_ I think Japanese ouji boards and the evil spirits that visit them. I need to do an entire show on _kokkurisan_, but I have to get my nerve up first. Something interesting I ran across is that because animals don’t understand well the human language, it’s difficult to do a cleansing ritual, an _oharai_ (お祓い), or exorcism to get rid of them. They just don’t what you’re talking about. Sourei/Poltergeist: If you’ve ever wondered what a poltergeist is called in Japanese, that would be _sourei_, (騒霊). Sou is the character for noisy. Noisy spirit. Fuuyueri/Wandering Ghost: Next, we have a _fuyuurei_ (浮遊霊)the characters for float, play, and spirit, in that order. These are floating or wandering ghosts. They are souls that don’t accept their own death. Either they have died suddenly and don’t realize they’re dead, or they were not psychologically able to accept the fact they were going to die. They do as their name suggests and float and wander around. I read that it’s easy for this type of ghost to attach themselves to a person. So be careful. Jibakurei/Tied to the Land Ghosts: If they don’t wander so much but stick to a certain area they are called _jibakurei_(地縛霊)ghosts. Literally, tied to the ground spirits. So people who have died suddenly through war, ac…
23 min
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