In this long awaited topic Laszlo introduces "The Man Who Loved China", Dr. Joseph Needham. A true friend of China for most of his adult life, Needham's contribution was the epic work "Science and Civilization in China". Today this massive undertaking is spread out over 24 volumes, 17 of which were written in Needham's own lifetime. Prior to Jospeh Needham getting the word out, China was not getting the respect it deserved for all its great contributions to human civilization. He carried out intensive research and brought his findings to the public. In this Part 1 episode we only go up to 1943 and the end of Needham's first expedition in China.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Zhongguo Kexue jìshù shi 中国科学技术史 Science and Civilization in China
Lu Guizhen 鲁桂珍 (1904-1991) Biochemist and long-time assistant to Needham
Luo Zhongshu 罗忠恕 (1903-1985) Scholar who got the word out in the west about China's suffering under Japan.
Jianqiao Daxue yu Zhongguo Daxue hezuo weiyuanhui
剑桥大学与中国大学合作委员会 Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office
Lu Shiguo鲁仕国 Father of Lu Guizhen
luohou 落后 backwards
Chongqing 重庆 Former wartime capital of China also known as Chungking
Huang Xingzong 黄兴宗 H.T. Huang
Min River 岷江 Great river of China where Dujiangyan is located
Dadu River 大渡河 Another tributary of the Yangzi
Lushan 芦山 City in Sichuan near Ya'an, (written in the book as Loushan)
Lizhuang 李庄 City located on the banks of the Yangzi
Anyang 安阳 City in northern Henan where the Shang period Yin Ruins are located
Wang Yuanlu 王圆箓 The guy who got duped into selling 24 wagon loads of treasure, including the Diamond Sutra to Aurel Stein for about 220 quid.
Hanzhong 汉中 City in Shaanxi
Baoji 宝鸡 Another city in Shaanxi
Shaanxi 陕西 One of the great ancient provinces of China
Jiayuguan 嘉峪关 End of the line as far as the Great Wall went.
Dunhuang 敦煌 Great trading city and center for Buddhist learning.
Liao Hongying 廖鸿英Chemist, Worked for British Council in Chengdu
Dujiangyan 都江堰 One of the greatest civil irrigation projects in human history that provided benefits to hundreds of millions of people since it was built in 256 BCE
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The Qin emperor
Li Bīng 李冰 The official credited with overseeing the entire Dujiangyan project.
Shu kingdom 蜀国 The Kingdom located in and around where present-day Chengdu is located.
Shuangshipu 双石铺A town near Baoji in Shaanxi
Héxī Corridor河西走廊 The geographic region running east and west inside Gansu Province. It was an ancient road from thousands of years ago.
Mogao Caves 莫高窟 The caves at Dunhuang where so much Buddhist treasure was found.
Northern Zhou 北周 (557-581) A northern Dynasty during the Northern & Southern Dynasties Period
Nanbei Chao 南北朝 (420-589) The Northern and Southern Dynasties Period
Yang Jian 杨坚 Former Northern Zhou official who went on to found the Sui Dynasty.
Simon Winchester amazon.com page: http://www.amazon.com/Simon-Winchester/e/B000APLU5E/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1435163989&sr=8-1