In this Part 2 episode the Tong Wars begin in earnest. The first and second Tong Wars are discussed.
"Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York's Chinatown"
"Wish Lanterns - Young Lives in New China"
21st Century China Program - UC San Diego
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War
Hip Sing Tong 协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck.
On Leong Tong 安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee
Gong Wing Chung The On Leong soldier charged with Lung Kin's murder
Sin Cue An On Leong, first a suspect in a 1900 murder and later a victim of a Hip Sing hit to prevent him from testifying against Mock Duck
Mock Duck 麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence.
Tom Lee 李希龄 Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations
Sue Sing a Hip Sing charged with the murder of Ah Fee, got sentenced to life in the Sing Sing Correctional Facility
Lee Sing An On Leong highbinder from Dedham, Massachusetts. Tried to bump off Mock Duck in 1904.
Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association
Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs
Chu Gong 赵昂 High ranking On Leong officer
Gin Gum Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee
Hop Lee A Hip Sing laundryman brutally killed by the On Leongs in a retaliation murder.
Shah Kai-fu 夏偕复The Chinese Consul based in the US.
mo mentai, mo mentai 没问题，没问题 Cantonese for no problem, no problem
boo-how-doy / futou zai 斧头仔 Term was used to describe hatchet men contracted from out of town. Also another name for a highbinder.
Leon Ling Charged with the murder of Bow Kum but escaped and was never found.
Chu Gain Proprietor of The Port Arthur Restaurant who was carrying on with Bow Kum at the time of her murder.
Lung Kong Tin Yee Gong Shaw / Longgang Qinyi Gongsuo 龙岗亲义公所Early name of the Four Brothers Society
See Sing Tong / The Sixing Tang 四姓堂 The Four Surnames Society
Sixing 四姓Four surnames.
Lau / Liu 刘 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society
Kwan / Guan 关 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society
Cheung / Zhang 张 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society
Chu / Zhao 赵 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society
Hongmen 洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations
Bow Kum 包金(?) A China-born consort whose murder in 1909 sparked the Second Tong War between the On Leongs and the Four Brothers Society.
Lau Tong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum
Lau Shong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum
Gun Kee Four Brothers member shot and wounded in front of On Leong headquarters by a cousin of Tom Lee.
Ah Hoon An On Leong who was also a Four Brothers member. A well known comedian in his day. Shot and killed in 1909.
fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers...a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette.
pi-gow 牌九 A Chinese domino-based game of chance