In one of the most tragic stories in the Old Testament, the Israelites rebelled against God by building a golden calf at the foot of Mt. Sinai. One way to understand this story is to say that they were unprepared for the return of Moses from the top of the mountain. In the same way, people today have built golden calves and are not prepared for the return of Jesus. in this chapter we examine the nature of readiness, and show what must be done to avoid the fate of the Israelites.