Policy Gambles?
19 min

Freakonomics’ Steve Levitt believes in the power of incentives and he has a new proposal for how to make widespread testing successful: set up a testers' lottery and give gigantic cash prizes. And, Eric Zwick takes a closer look at PPP lending to small businesses under the CARES Act and how many of these loans missed the target.

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The Energy Gang
The Energy Gang
Greentech Media
Automakers Knew About Climate Change 50 Years Ago
In the 1960s, scientists who worked for General Motors and Ford discovered that the exhaust from their cars was very likely changing the climate. They made presentations at conferences. They briefed senior executives. And then, they were publicly contradicted and their work was suppressed.  We’ll talk to Maxine Joselow, the journalist who reported the story for E&E News over many months. She talked with more than two dozen former GM and Ford employees, retired auto industry executives, academics, and environmentalists about what the companies knew about climate change five decades ago. It leaves the reader wondering: what if automakers had taken the problem more seriously a half-century ago? Then, plenty of conservative states are embracing renewables. But now 100% clean energy mandates are spreading to redder states. The latest is Arizona: a place where elected officials and a giant utility previously worked to stop the march of clean energy. We’ll look at the shift.  And last: can a Marshall Plan for fading coal communities rebuild America’s former industrial regions? * E&E News: GM, Ford Knew About Climate Change 50 Years Ago * Scientific American: A Woman Warned GM about Warming, But Men Didn’t Listen * Greentech Media: Arizona Regulators Pass Rule for 100% Clean Energy by 2050 * Smart Cities Dive: Mayors Unveil $60B Plan to Support Midwest Energy Transition * University of Pittsburgh: Marshall Plan for Middle America Roadmap The Energy Gang is brought to you by Wärtsilä Energy, leading the transition toward a 100% renewable energy future. Wärtsilä launched “The Path to 100%” to accelerate the transition to renewables. Become part of the discussion. The Energy Gang is brought to you by Honeywell, a leading supplier of IoT solutions to mission-critical industries around the world. Honeywell Smart Energy helps utilities transform their grid operations through advanced solutions and targeted services from edge to cloud. Learn more.
1 hr 6 min
80,000 Hours Podcast with Rob Wiblin
80,000 Hours Podcast with Rob Wiblin
The 80000 Hours team
Benjamin Todd on what the effective altruism community most needs (80k team chat #4)
In the *last '80k team chat'* with Ben Todd and Arden Koehler, we discussed what effective altruism is and isn't, and how to argue for it. In this episode we turn now to what the effective altruism community most needs. • *Links to learn more, summary and full transcript* • The *2020 Effective Altruism Survey* just opened. If you're involved with the effective altruism community, or sympathetic to its ideas, it's would be wonderful if you could fill it out: _https://www.surveymonkey.co.uk/r/EAS80K2_ According to Ben, we can think of the effective altruism movement as having gone through several stages, categorised by what kind of resource has been most able to unlock more progress on important issues (i.e. by what's the 'bottleneck'). Plausibly, these stages are common for other social movements as well. • Needing money: In the first stage, when effective altruism was just getting going, more money (to do things like pay staff and put on events) was the main bottleneck to making progress. • Needing talent: In the second stage, we especially needed more talented people being willing to work on whatever seemed most pressing. • Needing specific skills and capacity: In the third stage, which Ben thinks we're in now, the main bottlenecks are organizational capacity, infrastructure, and management to help train people up, as well as specialist skills that people can put to work now. What's next? Perhaps needing coordination -- the ability to make sure people keep working efficiently and effectively together as the community grows. Ben and I also cover the career implications of those stages, as well as the ability to save money and the possibility that someone else would do your job in your absence. If you’d like to learn more about these topics, you should check out a couple of articles on our site: • *Think twice before talking about ‘talent gaps’ – clarifying nine misconceptions* • *How replaceable are the top candidates in large hiring rounds? Why the answer flips depending on the distribution of applicant ability* *Get this episode by subscribing: type 80,000 Hours into your podcasting app. Or read the linked transcript.* Producer: Keiran Harris. Audio mastering: Ben Cordell. Transcriptions: Zakee Ulhaq.
1 hr 25 min
Reversing Climate Change
Reversing Climate Change
S2E40: Much talk of CO2, but what about methane?!—w/ Olya Irzak of Frost Methane
Carbon dioxide is not the only greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. In fact, methane emissions are responsible for 16% of the warming we experience today. And because methane is more potent than CO2, we can make a big impact in a short period of time by addressing the concentrated, continuous methane seeps that exist around the world. Olya Irzak is the Founder and CEO of _Frost Methane_, a company working to combat climate change through the deployment of remote methane destruction devices. On this episode of the podcast, Olya joins Ross and Christophe to discuss why she chose to focus on methane emissions and explain how her team’s technology works to convert concentrated methane into CO2. Olya describes Frost Methane’s initial work with Arctic permafrost and introduces their new application of the technology in coal mines, sharing how the business generates revenue through carbon markets like California’s cap-and-trade market.  Listen in for Olya’s insight on the benefits of voluntary markets and learn her approach to prioritizing climate interventions to make the biggest impact. Connect with Nori _Purchase Nori Carbon Removals_ _Nori_ _Nori on Facebook_ _Nori on Twitter_ _Nori on Patreon_ Resources _Frost Methane_ _Frost Methane on LinkedIn_ _Olya on LinkedIn_ _ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit_ _Center for Negative Carbon Emissions_ _Google’s Climate Change Initiative_ _‘7,000 Underground Gas Bubbles Poised to Explode in Arctic’ in __The Siberian Times_ _Video of Exploding Under-Ice Methane Gas in Siberia_ _Laughlin Barker_ _Pleistocene Park_ _Pleistocene Park on Reversing Climate Change EP073_ _Dr. Leslie Field_ _Ice 911_ _ASU’s Arctic Ice Management Project_ _University of Beijing Research on Calving_ _Silver Lining_ _‘Sometimes Success Is Right Under Your Feet, As Tomato Grower Knows’ in __AP News_ _California’s Cap-and-Trade Program_ _Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation_ _Stripe Climate_ --- Send in a voice message: https://anchor.fm/reversingclimatechange/message Support this podcast: https://anchor.fm/reversingclimatechange/support
42 min
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