Jan 26, 2021
AgriTalk-January 26, 2021
Play • 42 min

We're talking carbon today starting with Debbie Reed, executive director of Ecosystems Services Market Consortium, plus we discuss a new partnership with Steve Bruere of Peoples Company and Dan Ryan of CIBO. And Iowa State nematologist Dr. Greg Tylka.

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Agriculture Today
Agriculture Today
Kansas State University
Cattle Market Update… Comparing Beef and Plant-Based Alternatives
• The weekly cattle market update • Comparing plant-based ground beef "alternatives" to actual ground beef • Agricultural news • Providing more equitable and accessible 4-H programs to local youth… 00:01:30 – Cattle Market Update: Agricultural economist Tyler Cozzens of the Livestock Marketing Information Center provides this week's cattle market analysis: he remarks on the markets' resiliency following the cold weather disruptions two weeks ago, and he goes over the LMIC's new forecast on per capita meat consumption in 2021. 00:12:46 – Comparing Beef and Plant-Based Alternatives: K-State meat scientist Travis O'Quinn reports the findings of new K-State research which compared plant-based ground beef "alternatives" to actual ground beef...the physical attributes of the products, how they match up in preparation, and most importantly, how consumers rated the palatability of each of the choices. 00:24:09 – Ag News: Eric Atkinson covers the day's agricultural news headlines. 00:32:20 – Improving Local Access to 4-H Programs: K-State 4-H specialist Aliah Mestrovich-Seay discusses efforts to provide more equitable and accessible 4-H programs to local youth. Send comments, questions or requests for copies of past programs to Agriculture Today is a daily program featuring Kansas State University agricultural specialists and other experts examining ag issues facing Kansas and the nation. It is hosted by Eric Atkinson and distributed to radio stations throughout Kansas and as a daily podcast. K‑State Research and Extension is a short name for the Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, a program designed to generate and distribute useful knowledge for the well‑being of Kansans. Supported by county, state, federal and private funds, the program has county Extension offices, experiment fields, area Extension offices and regional research centers statewide. Its headquarters is on the K‑State campus in Manhattan.
40 min
Off-Farm Income
Off-Farm Income
Matt Brechwald
OFI 1008: Building A Successful Agricultural Lifestyle, One Letter At At A Time
If you have been listening to the show, especially my Tuesday episodes, for some time than you have likely heard me talking about documenting the importance of the growth and progress on your farm or in your agricultural enterprise.  This is very important to both your success and to your marital health, if you happen to have found yourself partaking in that enterprise. The speed of progress in the world of farming can be very slow.  Think about it.  If you buy your first heifer tomorrow, even if she is already bred, you are not selling a calf for 17 months, if you sell it as a feeder.  If you are carrying it over that first winter and selling it directly to a customer as finished beef, you are 29 months away from your first revenue. It can take a lot of time to see results in this lifestyle, and that requires patience.  Patience is a virtue, and it is a particular virtue that many of us, including me, don't have a lot of laying around. Because things move so slow, and you are progressing towards your goal of full-time farming at what feels like a snail's pace you might not recognize all that you are actually accomplishing.  We are all going to be starting at different points, but as an example when Autumm and I got started we had 25 acres of land with a house on it.  There were no fences, no irrigation, no cultivation, no livestock pens, no shelters and nothing but weeds.  With our starting situation, it would take years until we were grazing cattle, and even longer until we had developed the customer base and marketing that would allow us the profit that we were looking for from the farm. However, hidden in this molasses in January type of movement was progress.  The problem is that you might not see that progress if you have no context.  When Autumm and I first bought this farm in 2011 we took a class through the University of Idaho Extension Service called "Living On The Land".  There were actually portions of this class that focused on keeping your marriage healthy through this experience.  Their advice was to take before and after photographs, every year, so you could get perspective and actually see the progress that you had made. Autumm and I did this, although I will admit, we didn't always do this with the purpose of providing ourselves perspective.  As excited new farm owners, we shared our farm and lives with folks on Facebook.  This turned out to be a great tool for providing us this perspective because Facebook automatically provides you memories of photos that you posted a year or two or 10 ago.  So often, Autumm or I will get one of these reminders and we will see the farm with no fences or just dirt where pastures now grow.  And this perspective will really give us a picture of just how far we have come, and it will take away some of that impatience. Before and after pictures are great, but they cannot capture everything that is going on.  A picture may be worth a thousand words, but sometimes not one of those words describes what was going on behind the scenes.  Or, maybe there was no camera there for something very significant. Let me give you an example.  A couple of years ago, at this time of year, I was in Boise attending to some rental house business one afternoon when my phone rang and it was Hattie on the other end.  I could hear the excitement and breathlessness in her voice.  She was walking up the driveway after being dropped off by the school bus, and she saw that one of our does was kidding and needed help.  She had never assisted in parturition before, and neither Autumm nor I were there to do it.  So, it was all up to her. Hattie ended up delivering two kids who both lived and thrived.  She did it all by herself and figured out a lot along the way.  This was unbelievable progress.  50% of the reason that we bought the farm when we did was that Hattie was about to turn 5 and start school in the city, and we wanted to raise her the way we had been raised.  So,
46 min
Soil Sense
Soil Sense
NDSU Extension
Managing Salinity and Sodicity
Over 90% of producers in North Dakota are experiencing some sort of reduced productivity as a result of salinity. This problem is not unique to North Dakota - it’s happening in many of our most productive agricultural regions. The second problem that we’re going to discuss today, is a separate problem, but in many cases, even more difficult to manage, sodicity. Sodicity can also impede progress in solving salinity issues. Salinity and sodicity are different soil chemistries and require different management strategies. We discussed these topics on our panel at the _DIRT Workshop_. Today you’ll hear from: * _Naeem Kalwar_, Extension Soil Health Specialist at North Dakota State University * _Dr. Cheryl Reese_, Senior Lecturer in agronomy at South Dakota State University “The reason we need to care about soil salinity and for that matter sodacity too….is because we lose hundreds of thousands of dollars every year on these kind of spots.” - Naeem Kalwar With the amount of expense necessary to farm ground including gas prices, land prices, inputs and seed prices, having certain sections that represent a net loss can be detrimental to finances.  There are corrections that can be made to improve those soils, improving their profitability and move present salts deeper to cause less harm to crops. Naeem suggests first soil sampling to identify what crops and practices will be most successful in those specific areas. “Across South Dakota and North Dakota, we have very similar soils and these areas pop up because we have old salty sediments that are from old formations. And if these formations are close to the surface and we have a high water table, then these salts will always come back up to the surface.” - Dr. Cheryl Reese Dr. Reese highlights the benefits of using perennial salt tolerant grasses to improve erosion and salt concerns while still producing a usable crop. She suggests contacting your local NRCS to get more guidance and assistance with that measure. Dr. Reese also echoes Naeem by emphasizing the importance of soil testing to identify the specific issue and its severity before discussing mitigation practices such as switching crops, adding tiles or adding amendments. This Week on Soil Sense: * Meet _Naeem Kalwar_, Extension Soil Health Specialist at North Dakota State University and _Dr. Cheryl Reese_, Senior Lecturer in agronomy at South Dakota State University * Learn about the harmful effects of salinity and sodicity and what practices can be used to better manage areas affected by these issues * Explore the potential benefits and limitations of adding tiles and additives to correct salinity and sodicity concerns Connect with Soil Sense: * _Soil Sense Initiative _ Soil Sense Podcast is hosted by _Tim Hammerich_ of the _Future of Agriculture Podcast_.
23 min
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