A history of attacks on knowledge
21 min
For as long as we've recorded ideas and information, there have been attempts to control or destroy these records. Today, attacks on knowledge are occurring on an unprecedented scale.

In a new book, director of the Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford, Richard Ovenden, traces the 3,000-year journey of knowledge, and the attempts that have been made to both destroy and preserve it. In doing so, he demonstrates the important function that accurate information, and the institutions that house it, play in promoting a healthy society.
Politics with Michelle Grattan
Politics with Michelle Grattan
The Conversation
Politics with Michelle Grattan: Defence expert Allan Behm on the background to the Brereton report
Australian Department of Defence The findings of the inquiry by Justice Paul Brereton into the misconduct – including allegations of murder of non-combatants and mistreatment of prisoners – by Australian special forces in Afghanistan are released on Thursday. Scott Morrison last week warned these findings will be “difficult and hard news” for Australians. The leadership of the Australian Defence Force will drive a program of reform in the wake of behaviour that puts a deep blemish on what the ADF and most Australians see as the nation’s proud military tradition. Allan Behm, from The Australia Institute, an expert on defence and security issues and a former senior public servant and ministerial adviser, joined the podcast on the eve of the release to discuss the background to the report, the nature of the special forces, and what comes next. “I think it is going to be quite shocking for many of us. And I think … we will feel a sense of shame.” “It will get many people to think about issues of moral hazard. It will certainly get people to think about what kind of administrative and organisational arrangements within the Australian Defence Force permitted this to happen.” “I think it will cause a lot of Australians to think quite deeply about the moral peril that we expose young soldiers to in warfare.” If reports are true “that prisoners were shot dead, that noncombatants were simply ‘wasted’, to use the language of warfare, as collateral damage in pursuit of military objectives, many, many ADF people will be very perturbed by that”. Asked about the culture of these soldiers, Behm described the special forces as “elites”. “Elites can be highly problematic,” he says. In the wake of the inquiry, there will be the question of whether special forces are needed, he said. If they are to be retained, “the second thing will then be to decide whether we need to have the special forces quarantined, separate from the rest of our forces … or whether the special forces should be more clearly part of our standing army”. Having the special forces work across a wider base within the military could “militate against the formation of uncontrollable elites or rogue elements”. “And there’s history to be dealt with. "I mean, we have a regiment which is highly decorated and highly recognised. At the same time, it is this regiment and this function, which … has brought this shame upon us. "And that will require a lot of evaluation.” Additional audio A List of Ways to Die, Lee Rosevere, from Free Music Archive. Michelle Grattan does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment.
24 min
Policy Forum Pod
Policy Forum Pod
Policy Forum Pod
The wellbeing economy: universal basic income with Guy Standing
On the third episode in our special mini-series on the wellbeing economy, Arnagretta Hunter and Sharon Bessell are joined by Guy Standing, economist and author of The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. With more and more people being forced into insecure work, many are calling for a more lasting solution for precariousness. One often-suggested solution is a ‘universal basic income’, so what might be the benefits of this concept? What policy settings might be needed to make such a scheme successful? And how do political systems that are so focused on jobs and economic growth create space for change? On this episode - the third in our special mini-series on the wellbeing economy - renowned economist Dr Guy Standing joins Professor Sharon Bessell and Dr Arnagretta Hunter to discuss work, basic income, and how some of the economic structures developed in the last century may no longer be in our best interests. If you or anyone you know needs help, you can contact Lifeline on 13 11 14 [http://www.lifeline.org.au/] and Beyond Blue on 1300 22 46 36 [https://www.beyondblue.org.au/]. Guy Standing is a Professorial Research Associate at SOAS University of London and a founding member and honorary co-president of the Basic Income Earth Network, a non-governmental organisation that promotes a basic income for all. Sharon Bessell is Professor of Public Policy and Director of Gender Equity and Diversity at Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University (ANU). Arnagretta Hunter is a cardiologist, physician, and a Senior Clinical Lecturer for ANU Medical School. Policy Forum Pod is available on Acast, Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Stitcher, Subscribe on Android or wherever you get your podcasts. We’d love to hear your feedback for this podcast series! Send in your questions, comments, or suggestions for future episodes to podcast@policyforum.net. You can also Tweet us @APPSPolicyForum or join us on the Facebook group.   See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
1 hr 2 min
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