#107 | Dies Irae
29 min

For hundreds of years, composers have been using a specific four-note melody to evoke death. It's appeared in dozens of famous movies, and you probably never even realized it. But once you hear it, you'll start noticing it everywhere. Featuring musicologist Alex Ludwig and Strong Songs Host Kirk Hamilton.


Twenty Thousand Hertz is produced out of the studios of Defacto Sound and hosted by Dallas Taylor

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If you know what this week's mystery sound is, tell us at mystery.20k.org

Discover more at lexus.com/curiosity.

Check out Alex’s list of Dies Irae examples at alexludwig.net.

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Check out The Graduale Project’s Youtube page for more Latin chants. 

Episode transcript, music, and credits can be found here: https://www.20k.org/episodes/diesirae

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Science Diction
Science Diction
Science Friday and WNYC Studios
How Do You Name A Hurricane?
How did we wind up with a storm named Iota? Well, we ran out of hurricane names. Every year, the World Meteorological Organization puts out a list of 21 names for the season’s hurricanes and tropical storms. But this year, the Atlantic hurricane season was so active that by September, we'd flown through the whole list of names and had to switch to the Greek alphabet. Thus, Hurricane Iota became the 30th named storm of the season. We’ve only had to dip into the Greek alphabet once before, in 2005. But the practice of naming hurricanes goes back to the 19th century, and it was a bit of a bumpy ride to land on the system we use today. In this episode: The story of a meteorologist in Australia, a novel, and a second-wave feminist from Florida—and how they brought us hurricane names. A transcript for this episode is being processed. We'll update the link when it's ready. Guests: Christina M. Gonzalez is a doctoral candidate in anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin. Liz Skilton is a historian and the author of Tempest: Hurricane Naming and American Culture. Footnotes & Further Reading: For more hurricane history, check out A Furious Sky: The Five-Hundred-Year History of America's Hurricanes by Eric Jay Dolin. To learn more about Roxcy Bolton and the fight to change the naming system, read Liz Skilton’s article “Gendering Natural Disaster: The Battle Over Female Hurricane Names.” Credits: Science Diction is hosted and produced by Johanna Mayer. Our editor and producer is Elah Feder. We had story editing from Nathan Tobey, and fact checking by Michelle Harris. Our composer is Daniel Peterschmidt. Chris Wood did sound design and mastered the episode. Special thanks to the Florida State Library & Archives for allowing us use footage from Roxcy Bolton’s oral history interview. Nadja Oertelt is our chief content officer.
22 min
Flash Forward
Flash Forward
Rose Eveleth
Home Sweet Home
Today we travel to a future where housing is guaranteed and provided to everybody.  Guests: Amanda Vail — Director of communications at Plymouth Housing Dr. Sam Tsemberis — Founder of Pathways Housing First and author of Housing First Manual: The Pathways Model to End Homelessness for People with Mental Illness and Addiction Dr. Ivis Garcia Zambrana — Assistant Professor of City & Metropolitan Planning at the University of Utah Tara Raghuveer — Director of KC Tenants, director of the Homes Guarantee campaign at People’s Action Dr. Daniel Aldana Cohen — Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Pennsylvania & co-author of A Planet to Win: Why We Need a Green Deal Carroll Fife — councilmember-elect for Oakland’s District 3, co-founder of Moms for Housing, director of Alliance of Californians for Community Empowerment Oakland Voice Actors: Intro Phone Tree Voice — Brett Tubbs Amy — Ashley Kellem: Instagram, Website Maia — Shara Kirby → → → Further reading & resources here! ← ← ←  Flash Forward is hosted by, Rose Eveleth and produced by Julia Llinas Goodman. The intro music is by Asura and the outtro music is by Hussalonia. The episode art is by Matt Lubchansky. Get in touch:  Twitter // Facebook // Reddit // info@flashforwardpod.com Support the show: Patreon // Donorbox // Become a Time Traveler  Episode Sponsors:  Hello Fresh: Get fresh, pre-measured ingredients and mouthwatering seasonal recipes delivered right to your door. Go to HelloFresh.com/flashforward90 and use code flashforward90 to get $90 off including free shipping! Shaker & Spoon: A subscription cocktail service that helps you learn how to make hand-crafted cocktails right at home. Get $20 off your first box at shakerandspoon.com/ffwd. Tab for a Cause: A browser extension that lets you raise money for charity while doing your thing online. Whenever you open a new tab, you’ll see a beautiful photo and a small ad. Part of that ad money goes toward a charity of your choice! Join team Advice For And From The future by signing up at tabforacause.org/flashforward. Tavour: Tavour is THE app for fans of beer, craft brews, and trying new and exciting labels. You sign up in the app and can choose the beers you’re interested in (including two new ones DAILY) adding to your own personalized crate. Use code: flashforward for $10 off after your first order of $25 or more.  Purple Carrot: Purple Carrot is THE plant-based subscription meal kit that makes it easy to cook irresistible meals to fuel your body. Each week, choose from an expansive and delicious menu of dinners, lunches, breakfasts, and snacks! Get $30 off your first box by going to www.purplecarrot.com and entering code FLASH at checkout today! Purple Carrot, the easiest way to eat more plants!  The Listener: Get smart, surprising podcast recommendations in your inbox every day. Listeners to Flash Forward can get two extra months free at thelistener.co using the code flashforward20. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
1 hr
SciShow Tangents
SciShow Tangents
Complexly
Vegetables
In the immortal words of Brian Wilson: "I'm gonna be round my vegetables, I'm gonna chow down my vegetables, I love you most of all... my favorite vegetable" And he's right, too. In this episode we get down in the dirt with our favorite veggies. Carrots... broccoli... and all the rest. All that, and Ceri tries out a fun new pun! [Truth or Fail] Sponge gourds https://www.lewisginter.org/luffa-plant-exfoliate/ Grasspea https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/6422318/ https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214514116300629 https://www.cwrdiversity.org/the-curious-case-of-the-grasspea/ https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20510335/ https://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/grasspea.html Wild carrots http://www.carrotmuseum.co.uk/wild.html https://www.canr.msu.edu/news/poison-hemlock-identification-and-control https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6150177/ [Fact Off] Spinach and growing organs https://www.wpi.edu/news/wpi-team-grows-heart-tissue-spinach-leaves https://api.nationalgeographic.com/distribution/public/amp/news/2017/03/human-heart-spinach-leaf-medicine-science?utm_source=reddit.com https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2017/03/27/scientists-convert-spinach-leaves-into-human-heart-tissue-that-beats/ https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5a63bdefdc2b4ac54c102232/t/5a90cfc0ec212d945185b364/1519439811042/CYSJLabWinter2017.pdf#page=6 Beet smell geosmin [Ask the Science Couch] Asparagus pee https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1379935/pdf/brjclinpharm00087-0116.pdf https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1715705/pdf/brmedj00052-0020.pdf https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/36/1/9/442551 https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20140818-mystery-of-asparagus-and-urine https://www.bmj.com/content/355/bmj.i6071 https://www.livescience.com/57199-why-some-people-cant-smell-asparagus-pee.html https://theconversation.com/that-distinctive-springtime-smell-asparagus-pee-94696 [Butt One More Thing] Beeturia https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537012/ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/319447#Beetroot-pigments
36 min
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