20th-Century Apologetics: Addressing Modernism
Play • 5 min

At the start of the 20th century, the church began to face new challenges to Christianity. On this episode of 5 Minutes in Church History, Dr. Stephen Nichols explains several of the methods Christians used to defend their faith in a changing world.

Read the transcript: https://www.5minutesinchurchhistory.com/20th-century-apologetics-addressing-modernism/

A donor-supported outreach of Ligonier Ministries. Donate: https://www.5minutesinchurchhistory.com/donate/

ESV: Through the Bible in a Year
ESV: Through the Bible in a Year
Crossway
January 27: Genesis 49–50; Psalm 24; Mark 3
Old Testament: Genesis 49–50 Genesis 49–50 (Listen) Jacob Blesses His Sons *49 *Then Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall happen to you in days to come. *2 *  “Assemble and listen, O sons of Jacob,     listen to Israel your father. *3 *  “Reuben, you are my firstborn,     my might, and the firstfruits of my strength,     preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power. *4 *  Unstable as water, you shall not have preeminence,     because you went up to your father’s bed;     then you defiled it—he went up to my couch! *5 *  “Simeon and Levi are brothers;     weapons of violence are their swords. *6 *  Let my soul come not into their council;     O my glory, be not joined to their company.   For in their anger they killed men,     and in their willfulness they hamstrung oxen. *7 *  Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce,     and their wrath, for it is cruel!   I will divide them in Jacob     and scatter them in Israel. *8 *  “Judah, your brothers shall praise you;     your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;     your father’s sons shall bow down before you. *9 *  Judah is a lion’s cub;     from the prey, my son, you have gone up.   He stooped down; he crouched as a lion     and as a lioness; who dares rouse him? *10 *  The scepter shall not depart from Judah,     nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,   until tribute comes to him;1     and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. *11 *  Binding his foal to the vine     and his donkey’s colt to the choice vine,   he has washed his garments in wine     and his vesture in the blood of grapes. *12 *  His eyes are darker than wine,     and his teeth whiter than milk. *13 *  “Zebulun shall dwell at the shore of the sea;     he shall become a haven for ships,     and his border shall be at Sidon. *14 *  “Issachar is a strong donkey,     crouching between the sheepfolds.2 *15 *  He saw that a resting place was good,     and that the land was pleasant,   so he bowed his shoulder to bear,     and became a servant at forced labor. *16 *  “Dan shall judge his people     as one of the tribes of Israel. *17 *  Dan shall be a serpent in the way,     a viper by the path,   that bites the horse’s heels     so that his rider falls backward. *18 *  I wait for your salvation, O LORD. *19 *  “Raiders shall raid Gad,3     but he shall raid at their heels. *20 *  “Asher’s food shall be rich,     and he shall yield royal delicacies. *21 *  “Naphtali is a doe let loose     that bears beautiful fawns.4 *22 *  “Joseph is a fruitful bough,     a fruitful bough by a spring;     his branches run over the wall.5 *23 *  The archers bitterly attacked him,     shot at him, and harassed him severely, *24 *  yet his bow remained unmoved;     his arms6 were made agile   by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob     (from there is the Shepherd,7 the Stone of Israel), *25 *  by the God of your father who will help you,     by the Almighty8 who will bless you     with blessings of heaven above,   blessings of the deep that crouches beneath,     blessings of the breasts and of the womb. *26 *  The blessings of your father     are mighty beyond the blessings of my parents,     up to the bounties of the everlasting hills.9   May they be on the head of Joseph,     and on the brow of him who was set apart from his brothers. *27 *  “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf,     in the morning devouring the prey     and at evening dividing the spoil.” Jacob’s Death and Burial *28 *All these are the twelve tribes of Israel. This is what their father said to them as he blessed them, blessing each with the blessing suitable to him. *29 *Then he commanded them and said to them, “I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, *30 *in the cave that is in the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. *31 *There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife. There they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah—*32 *the field and the cave that is in it were bought from the Hittites.” *33 *When Jacob finished commanding his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed and breathed his last and was gathered to his people. *50 *Then Joseph fell on his father’s face and wept over him and kissed him. *2 *And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. *3 *Forty days were required for it, for that is how many are required for embalming. And the Egyptians wept for him seventy days. *4 *And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, *5 *‘My father made me swear, saying, “I am about to die: in my tomb that I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan, there shall you bury me.” Now therefore, let me please go up and bury my father. Then I will return.’” *6 *And Pharaoh answered, “Go up, and bury your father, as he made you swear.” *7 *So Joseph went up to bury his father. With him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, *8 *as well as all the household of Joseph, his brothers, and his father’s household. Only their children, their flocks, and their herds were left in the land of Goshen. *9 *And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen. It was a very great company. *10 *When they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, they lamented there with a very great and grievous lamentation, and he made a mourning for his father seven days. *11 *When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning on the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a grievous mourning by the Egyptians.” Therefore the place was named Abel-mizraim;10 it is beyond the Jordan. *12 *Thus his sons did for him as he had commanded them, *13 *for his sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field at Machpelah, to the east of Mamre, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite to possess as a burying place. *14 *After he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt with his brothers and all who had gone up with him to bury his father. God’s Good Purposes *15 *When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that Joseph will hate us and pay us back for all the evil that we did to him.” *16 *So they sent a message to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave this command before he died: *17 *‘Say to Joseph, “Please forgive the transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you.”’ And now, please forgive the transgression of the servants of the God of your father.” Joseph wept when they spoke to him. *18 *His brothers also came and fell down before him and said, “Behold, we are your servants.” *19 *But Joseph said to them, “Do not fear, for am I in the place of God? *20 *As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people11 should be kept alive, as they are today. *21 *So do not fear; I will provide for you and your little ones.” Thus he comforted them and spoke kindly to them. The Death of Joseph *22 *So Joseph remained in Egypt, he and his father’s house. Joseph lived 110 years. *23 *And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the third generation. The children also of Machir the son of Mana…
14 min
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