Radiolab
Radiolab
Dec 3, 2020
The Great Vaccinator
Play • 42 min

Until now, the fastest vaccine ever made - for mumps - took four years. And while our current effort to develop a covid-19 vaccine involves thousands of people working around the clock, the mumps vaccine was developed almost exclusively by one person: Maurice Hilleman. Hilleman cranked out more than 40 other vaccines over the course of his career, including 8 of the 14 routinely given to children. He arguably saved more lives than any other single person. And through his work, Hilleman embodied the instincts, drive, and guts it takes to marshall the human body’s defenses against a disease. But through him we also see the struggle and the costs of these monumental scientific efforts.

This episode was reported by Matt Kielty and Heather Radke, and produced by Matt Kielty.

Support Radiolab by becoming a member today at Radiolab.org/donate.    

Stuff You Missed in History Class
Stuff You Missed in History Class
iHeartRadio
Olympe de Gouges
Olympe de Gouges is known primarily for her 1791 pamphlet “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Citizen.” But her writing and political activity went far beyond that one pamphlet, and she was actually executed for a completely different reason. Tracy's Research: Douglas, Allen. "Gouges, Olympe de 1748–1793." Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender, edited by Fedwa Malti-Douglas, vol. 2, Macmillan Reference USA, 2007, pp. 657-658. Gale In Context: Global Issues, link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX2896200277/GPS?u=mlin_n_melpub&sid=GPS&xid=2979d54d. Accessed 5 Jan. 2021. "Marie-Olympe de Gouges." Encyclopedia of World Biography Online, vol. 23, Gale, 2003. Gale In Context: Biography, link.gale.com/apps/doc/K1631008043/GPS?u=mlin_n_melpub&sid=GPS&xid=01a0e821. Accessed 5 Jan. 2021. HESSE, CARLA. "Gouges, Olympe de." Europe 1789-1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, edited by John Merriman and Jay Winter, vol. 2, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006, pp. 993-996. Gale In Context: World History, link.gale.com/apps/doc/CX3446900357/GPS?u=mlin_n_melpub&sid=GPS&xid=a40a2b9c. Accessed 5 Jan. 2021. "Marie-Olympe De Gouges." Historic World Leaders, edited by Anne Commire, Gale, 1994. Gale In Context: Biography, link.gale.com/apps/doc/K1616000246/GPS?u=mlin_n_melpub&sid=GPS&xid=110589b6. Accessed 5 Jan. 2021. Lyons, Matthew. “Execution of a Feminist.” History Today. Vol. 70, Issue 11, November 2020. https://www.historytoday.com/archive/months-past/execution-feminist Columbia College. “Olympe de Gouges.” https://www.college.columbia.edu/core/content/olympe-de-gouges Kuiper, Kathleen et al. “Olympe de Gouges: Additional Information.” Encyclopedia Britannica. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Olympe-de-Gouges/additional-info#content-5 Woolfrey, Joan. “Olympe de Gouges (1748—1793).” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://iep.utm.edu/gouges/ “The Trial of Olympe de Gouges,” LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY: EXPLORING THE FRENCH REVOUTION, accessed January 7, 2021, https://revolution.chnm.org/d/488. Vanpée, Janie. “Performing Justice: The Trials of Olympe de Gouges.” Theatre Journal. Volume 51, Number 1, March 1999. Via Project Muse. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/34586 Diamond, Marie Josephine. “Olympe de Gouges and the French Revolution: Construction of Gender as Critique.” Dialectical Anthropology , 1990, Vol. 15, No. 2/3 (1990). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/29790339 Nielsen, Wendy C. “Staging Rousseau's Republic: French Revolutionary Festivals and Olympe de Gouges.” The Eighteenth Century , FALL 2002, Vol. 43. Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41467908 Scott, Joan Wallach. “French Feminists and the Rights of 'Man': Olympe de Gouges's Declarations.” History Workshop , Autumn, 1989, No. 28 (Autumn, 1989). Via JSTOR. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4288921 Brown, Gregory S. “The Self-Fashionings of Olympe de Gouges, 1784-1789.” Eighteenth-Century Studies, Volume 34, Number 3, Spring 2001. Via Project Muse. https://doi.org/10.1353/ecs.2001.0019 Mousset, Sophie. “Women's Rights and the French Revolution: A Biography of Olympe De Gouges.” Routledge; 1st edition, July 2017.   Learn more about your ad-choices at https://news.iheart.com/podcast-advertisers
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