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Pakistan's first podcast focused on the country's economy, simplifying the complex relationships between paisa, politics and the public. Presented by Tabadlab.
1 day ago
Pakistonomy - Episode 58 - Changing Pakistan's Economic Trajectory
Uzair talks to Dr. Shahida Wizarat about the structural underpinnings of Pakistan's economy and why the country has gone from being a role model to a basket case. Dr. Shahida is Dean at CESD, Institute of Business Management. She has authored three books, The Rise and Fall of Industrial Productivity in Pakistan (OUP), Fighting Dependance: Proclaiming Sovereignty for an Enslaved Pakistan (LAP) and Fighting Imperialism: Liberating Pakistan (CRS). She has authored more than 70 research papers published in international and national journals and newspapers. Dr Wizarat has been visiting faculty at the Naval Staff College, Air War College, Command and Staff College and National Defence University. Reading Recommendations: - The New Confessions of an Economic Hit Man by John Perkins - China’s Model of Development—Lessons for Pakistan by Ambassador Syed Hasan Javed
Apr 4, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 57 - Sehat Kahani - Bringing Telemedicine to Pakistan
Uzair speaks to Dr. Sara Saeed Khurram and Dr. Iffat Zafar Aga, the co-founders of Sehat Kahani. In this discussion we talked about the startup, which has recently raised $1 million in a funding round, its growth strategy, and what it is like to be a female founder of a startup in Pakistan. Sehat Kahani is an all-female health provider network including that is working to create quality health care solutions for communities where health access, quality, affordability of health care is still a dream, using cost effective ICT enabled solutions. Sehat Kahani has impacted over 1.5 million people globally with its telemedicine platform. Dr. Iffat Zafar is the Co-Founder and Chief Operations Officer for Sehat Kahani, a telemedicine startup based in Pakistan. She did her medicine from Ziauddin Medical University and currently. She is a Commonwealth scholar for her ongoing Masters in Global E-Health from University of Edinburgh. She is the MIT Elevate Prize Winner (2020), She is also the GCC Innovator (2020) for her work in telemedicine with the support of GCC. She was recently featured by Microsoft4Africa 2020 for the women led success stories in South Asia. She has been a winner of the GSMA Accelerator (2018-19), & a Good Fund Fellow 2017-18. Dr.Sara Saeed Khurram has over 5 years of experience in the field of Digital health care as the Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, Sehat Kahani. She has won notable awards such as the Rolex Awards 2019 as Ass. Laureate, TIAW Award, CRDF Global Awards, Ashoka Change makers, ISIF Asia, The Unilever Sustainable living Young Entrepreneurs Awards, The Unicef- Global Goal Campaigner Award 2016 and Arpatech Young Entrepreneurs Award 2017 for her work. She is also a Cartier Awards finalist and the first frontier Innovator from Pakistan. Reading Recommendations: - Lean In by Sheryl Sandberg - The Alchemist by Paul Coelho - Muhammad by Karen Armstrong - 40 Rules of Love by Elif Shafak - The Blue Sweater by Jacqueline Novogratz
Mar 28, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 56 - Achieving State Bank's Autonomy (Urdu Discussion on SBP Amendments)
In this episode, Uzair talks to regular guest Ammar Khan about the proposed amendments to the SBP Act. They talked about whether giving autonomy to the SBP will lead to bankruptcy, how inflation is a major issue that needs resolution, and what the process ought to be in order to pass this legislation through parliament.
Mar 21, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 55 - Sustaining Pakistan's Economic Growth (Urdu)
This is episode is in Urdu so that a wider audience can understand why Pakistan's economy cannot maintain high rates of growth over long periods of time. To understand the reasons for this, Uzair spoke to Dr. Sajid Amin Javed, who is a Research Fellow and heads Policy Solutions Lab at Sustainable Development Policy Institute [SDPI] Pakistan. Prior to joining to SPDI, he was Senior Research Fellow and Assistant Professor at Department of Economics, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE). Dr. Sajid’s research is located at the cutting edge of interdisciplinary inquiry of issues related to structure of economic growth and sustainable development. This entails a focus on monetary policy, particularly exchange rate and financial policies, and their socioeconomic implications. Largely, he is macroeconomist with focus on social content in macroeconomic policies. Reading Recommendations: - Money Interest and Prices by Don Patinkin - The Political Economy of Underdevelopment by S. B. D. de Silva - Human Actions by Ludwig von Mises
1 hr 17 min
Mar 14, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 54 - India's Economic Reforms
Since the onset of the pandemic, the BJP government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has pushed forward a whole host of reforms, including much-needed changes to India's farm laws. Farmer protests, however, have caused many to focus on the everything but the core components of these reforms and what they seek to achieve. In this episode, Uzair spoke to Sadanand Dhume about India's economic reforms and what he calls Modinomics 2.0. Sadanand is a South Asia columnist for the Wall Street Journal and covers South Asia's political economy and business affairs. He has worked as a foreign correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review in India and Indonesia and was a Bernard Schwartz Fellow at the Asia Society in Washington, D.C. Reading Recommendations: - Politics and the English Language by George Orwell -- https://www.orwellfoundation.com/the-orwell-foundation/orwell/essays-and-other-works/politics-and-the-english-language/ - Tilak and Gokhale: Revolution and Reform in the Making of Modern India by Stanley Wolpert -- https://www.amazon.com/dp/0195623924/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_0Y00WHS55MR3GXGT56N8 - Pakistan: A Hard Country by Anatol Lieven -- https://www.amazon.com/dp/1610391454/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_E1Q9KHZ5HTJXA0W70N3J
Mar 7, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 53 - Women and the Economy
There is systemic exclusion of women in Pakistan's economy and the drivers of this systemic exclusion are poorly understood by most. In this episode, Uzair talks to Dr. Hadia Majid about the role of women in Pakistan's economy and the unique and diverse challenges they face in the country. Dr. Hadia Majid is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics & Director at the Saida Waheed Gender Initiative at LUMS. She is a a Fulbright Scholar and holds a PhD in Development Economics from The Ohio State University. Her research agenda is focused on labor markets in Pakistan where she documents and explores the barriers to women’s labor supply and their access to decent, empowering work. Reading Recommendations: - Bargaining with patriarchy by Deniz Kandiyoti - The status of women: Conceptual and methodological issues in demographic studies by Karen Mason - A Treatise on the Family by Gary Becker
Feb 28, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 52 - Reimagining Learning
Uzair talks to Pramath Sinha about Harappa Education, an education startup offering the foundational skills critical to achieve professional success and personal meaning. Pramath is a trailblazer in many different fields, including education. He served as the Founding Dean of Indian School of Business (ISB), which just got ranked as the best business school in India and #23 in the world, according to the Financial Times. He is also one of the founders of Ashoka University. Book Recommendations: The Story Of My Experiments With Truth by Mahatma Gandhi - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00KJ048MM/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_W6MF9R63ZQZ1SC20ZMBD The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B004JHYRYU/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_8FE5PTD005CWS1REJZV7
1 hr 12 min
Feb 28, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 48 - Bykea
Bykea is one of Pakistan's startup success stories that raised $13m in the middle of a pandemic. In this episode, Uzair talks to Rafiq Malik, the startup's Chief Operating Officer, about the business and its growth plans. Rafiq's book recommendations are: - A Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez - https://www.amazon.com/dp/0060883286/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_4SZ51RF4EPHP991P332J - The Ascent of Money by Niall Ferguson - https://www.amazon.com/dp/0143116177/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_0JXTYBT31JFMK9E91Q17
Feb 23, 2021
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - A Conversation with Zarrar Khuhro
In this special episode, Uzair talks to Zarrar Khuhro about a whole host of issues, focusing on the rise of illiberal populism around the world. Zarrar is a co-host of the show Zara Hat Kay which airs on Dawn News and writes a weekly column for Dawn.
Feb 21, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 51 - Modernizing Food Retail
Uzair talks to Jarrar Shah about his startup 24Seven.pk, an online Grocery Shopping platform based in Lahore. The 24SEVEN journey started from his farm when he painfully found out how he was getting no premium for growing graded, good quality produce in the off season and consequently decided to create an alternative marketing channel for farmers that would enable them to bypass the middle men. His book recommendations are: - Delivering Happiness: A Path to Profits, Passion, and Purpose - Grit: The Power of Passion and Perseverance - Antifragile: Things That Gain from Disorder - Skin in the Game
1 hr 8 min
Feb 15, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 50 - Making India Great
Uzair Younus talks to Dr. Aparna Pande about her new book "Making India Great: The Promise of a Reluctant Global Power. The episode covers a wide range of topics related to India, including domestic politics, economic nationalism, the country's foreign policy, and its relations with Pakistan. Dr. Aparna Pande is Director of the Initiative on the Future of India and South Asia at the Hudson Institute, Washington D.C. Her major field of interest is South Asia with a special focus on India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Foreign and Security Policy. Born in India, Pande received her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in History from St. Stephens College at Delhi University before receiving an M. Phil in International Relations from Jawaharlal Nehru University. She completed her Ph.D. in Political Science at Boston University in the United States. Dr. Pande's book recommendations are: - The Lessons of History by Will Durant - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01NB19GRS/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_A46B96W3D9FN…
1 hr 1 min
Feb 7, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 49 - The State of Media
Uzair talks to Raza Rumi about the state of media in Pakistan and the role of Nayadaur in bringing alternative perspectives into the discourse. Raza Rumi Director, Park Center for Independent Media and teaches in the journalism department; a visiting lecturer at the Cornell Institute for Public Affairs. He is also the Founding Editor of Nayadaur Media, a bi-lingual progressive digital media platform. He is also a visiting lecturer. Raza's recommended the following books: - Masvani by Rumi - The Art of Loving by Erich Fromm - Aag Ka Darya by Qurratulain Hyder
1 hr 5 min
Jan 24, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 47 - Raast: Digitizing Pakistan
Pakistan finally has a digital payments system and this development is going to revolutionize financial transactions in the country. It will also accelerate the formalization of the economy, increase financial inclusion, and catalyze the growth of fintech startups in the country. Uzair spoke to Rehan Akhtar, Chief Digital Officer at Karandaaz Pakistan, about Raast and its potential. This week's book recommendation: - The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference by Malcolm Gladwell. A book that I recently read complements this excellent recommendation: - Upstream: How to Solve Problems Before They Happen by Dan Heath
1 hr 4 min
Jan 17, 2021
Pakistonomy - Episode 46 - Outlook for Reforms in 2021
In the first episode of 2021, Uzair talks to Hasaan Khawar about why it is difficult to push through bureaucratic reforms, why Prime Minister Khan accepting his government's mistakes is something that should be appreciated, and his theory of change. Hasaan also shared three books that have profoundly interested him: 1) The 5 AM Club by Robin Sharma - https://www.amazon.com/dp/1443456624/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_oVDaGb2HNARQA 2) Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Hariri - https://www.amazon.com/dp/0062316095/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_vXDaGb5AXWMBG 3) Directorate S: The C.I.A. and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan by Steve Coll - https://www.amazon.com/dp/1594204586/ref=cm_sw_r_tw_dp_1WDaGbR7E74XJ
1 hr 2 min
Dec 18, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 45 - Pakistan: 2020 and Beyond
In the final episode of 2020, Uzair talks to frequent guests Ammar Khan and Ariba Shahid about how 2020 turned out for Pakistan's economy, unresolved issues, and the outlook for 2021. Thank you to all of you for tuning in this year. I will be taking a break for the next couple of weeks and a new season of the show will be back in early January, 2021.
Dec 6, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 44 - Bangladesh's Economic Transformation
Uzair Younus talks to a Bangladesh-based economist about the keys to Bangladesh's economic transformation. Syed Yusuf Saadat, Senior Associate at the Center for Policy Dialogue, is an economist with deep expertise is in assessing economic policies and has done research for several international organizations, including the UNDP. Yusuf is also co-author of the book titled “Youth Employment in Bangladesh—Creating Opportunities, Reaping Dividends” published by Palgrave Macmillan.
Dec 1, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 43 - A Volatile 2020: India's Experience
The COVID-19 pandemic brought the global economy on its knees, leading to mass unemployment and a dramatic slowdown in economic activity. The Indian economy, which was already showing signs of weakness before the pandemic, has now entered a recession. At the same time, concerns over India's illiberal turn, its refusal to enter trade agreements, and poor implementation of flagship programs have led some to argue that India is missing a once in a century opportunity. Uzair Younus spoke to Aman Thakker about these developments, asking his guest about why Narendra Modi's BJP continues to be the dominant force in politics despite the economic woes. Aman Thakker is an Adjunct Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He writes a weekly newsletter called Indialogue, which is a must-read for anyone interested in following political, economic, and foreign policy developments in India.
Nov 26, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 42 - Increasing Pakistan's Exports
Pakistan's exports have been a chronic issue and in the last few years, an overvalued exchange rate dramatically accelerated the decline in the country's exports. But exchange rate is only one of several issues that have made Pakistan's exports uncompetitive. In this episode, Uzair Younus spoke with Dr. Gonzalo Varela about why Pakistan's exports have fared poorly and how this can be changed. Dr. Gonzalo Varela is a Senior Economist in the Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice of the World Bank. He is currently based in Islamabad, where he leads the trade program. Previously, he worked in the World Bank’s Global Trade Unit in Washington, in the Ministry of Industries of Uruguay, and in the private sector. He also taught in the University of Sussex, the University of Pisa, and the University of Trento. His work focuses on how trade and investment policy affect firms’ performance, and it has been published in peer-reviewed journals, books and reports. He holds a Ph…
Nov 22, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - New Social Media Rules (Urdu)
In this special episode, Uzair Younus speaks to Farieha Aziz about the new social media rules that have been approved by the government. These rules have raised serious objections from ISPs, digital rights activists, journalists, and other organizations in Pakistan. Uzair asked Farieha why this has caused an uproar and the potential impact of these rules on free expression in Pakistan.
Nov 15, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 41 - The Potential of LNG in Pakistan
Pakistan is about to experience another winter of gas shortages. Meanwhile, the LNG sector continues to cause confusion among citizens, with baseless claims of corruption and backroom dealings sowing doubt among many in Pakistan. In this episode, Uzair Younus talks to Laure Baynes Clarke about the LNG sector, how it operates, and its potential in Pakistan. Laure is a General Manager and part of Shell’s global leadership team that manages its global LNG portfolio. She comes with a wealth of experience in the business, in trading and origination for LNG, she has led teams that have bought and sold LNG, managed arbitrations, price reviews and supported companies and countries across multiple geographies that have looked to develop their capabilities to bring in LNG. As part of her current role she is responsible for the LNG Trading strategy. Interestingly, she has a long history with Pakistan, having been moved there as an infant, she did her schooling in Karachi and has had the oppo…
Nov 10, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 40 - Building Pakistan's Fintech Ecosystem
Fintech has played an important role in promoting financial inclusion, formalizing the economy, and accelerating economic growth around the world. Pakistan, however, has struggled in efforts to ensure that a significant part of the country's population has access to formal financial services. To talk about how this ecosystem is being developed in the country, Uzair Younus spoke with Nadeem Hussain, Founder of Planet N. He also founded Tameer Micro Finance Bank, Pakistan’s first private sector microfinance bank and is someone who has played a key role in promoting financial inclusion in Pakistan.
Nov 1, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 39 - The Economy of Waste
Millions of dollars a year are made in collecting, sorting, and recycling waste across Pakistan. But this sector remains largely informal, leading to a whole host of issues, including the use of child labor, sexual abuse and exploitation, and criminality. Ahmad Shabbar is someone who has been on a mission to change the way the system works in Karachi. He is the Founder and CEO of GarbageCAN, an organization providing comprehensive waste management to several schools, festivals, and businesses; recycling management to established restaurants; and enable to households to recycle via our door-to-door program. We have also introduced an Adopt-A-Spot Program via, which groups or individuals can adopt areas they want to be cleaned for a specified period of time. Uzair spoke to Ahmad about this sector, how the system currently functions, and why a city like Karachi does not have a robust solid waste management program. You can read the World Bank report Ahmad referred to using the link below…
Oct 29, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Why Do Markets in Karachi Pay More Taxes? (Urdu)
Uzair Younus talks to Ammar Khan and Shahrukh Wani about the latest FBR data which shows that markets in Karachi - Jodia Bazar and Saddar in particular - pay significantly more in income taxes than markets in the rest of Pakistan. Despite that, Karachi has poor infrastructure and public service delivery. The guests share their views of why this is the case. You can read the article written by Ammar Khan on this topic here - https://www.samaa.tv/money/2020/09/karachis-saddar-jodia-bazaar-pay-more-tax-than-lahore-islamabad-markets/
Oct 28, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Rescuing the Agriculture Sector (Urdu)
In this Urdu discussion, Uzair Younus talks to Ahmed Majid Warraich, a Faisalabad-based entrepreneur in the agriculture sector. Uzair talked to Ahmed about the reasons for higher food inflation, his experience in modernizing farms, and what needs to be done to uplift this sector which employs almost 40 percent of Pakistan's labor force. Ahmed is currently growing Sugarcane, Wheat, Maize and various orchards. He has converted around 100 acres of his land to drip irrigation – all powered through Solar power and has completely automated the drip through automation technologies. Ahmed is a staunch advocate of sustainable agriculture and renewable energies for viable food sources. He is the Director of IRDC (Integrated Renewables Development Company) and HortiVenture Private Limited - aiming to bring sustainability and indigenous renewable sources to agriculture and beyond.
Oct 26, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 38 - The Role of Dynasties and Caste in Politics
The Role of Dynasties and Caste in Politics In a previous episode of the podcast, Dr. Adil Najam made a very important point that underneath all divides in Pakistan is the class divide. That is a very important point and one could argue that this divide is anchored by the caste divide in the country, particularly in Punjab and Sindh. However, both caste and class are absent from the daily political and economic discourse in the country. To talk about this issue, Uzair hosted Dr. Hassan Javid, who is an Associate Professor of Sociology at LUMS. He has done phenomenal research on democratization and the relationship between class, power, and the state. We spoke about why dynastic politics remains popular in Pakistan, why caste is missing from political discourse, and the path ahead for Pakistan's political evolution.
1 hr 15 min
Oct 19, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Understanding the Wheat Crisis (Urdu)
Food inflation is breaking the back of households in Pakistan. Despite repeated warnings about a food crisis, the government has been unable to control rampant inflation. The price of wheat and flour has been rising at a rapid pace. To understand what is going on, Uzair talked to Adil Mansoor, who has deep insights about the wheat market and how it functions.
Oct 19, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 37 - The War on Free Expression
The War on Free Expression In recent weeks, the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority has been on a banning spree. However, the issue is structural and the powers being used by the PTA were given to it through PECA, a legislation passed in 2016 by the PML-N government. In this episode, Uzair Younus speaks with Farieha Aziz about the war on free expression in Pakistan, Digital Pakistan and its future, and what message is being sent to international investors and technology companies by the actions of the PTA. Farieha Aziz is a Karachi-based, APNS-awardwinning journalist. She is a co-founder and Director at Bolo Bhi. She has a masters in English literature. She worked with Newsline from July 2007-January 2012 and taught literature to grades 9-12. She served as an amicus curiae in a case filed in the Lahore High Court in 2013, challenging the ban on YouTube, and is currently a petitioner on behalf of Bolo Bhi in a case filed in the Islamabad High Court challenging government's censorshi…
Oct 13, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Gas Crisis Update (Urdu)
Gas Crisis Update - Urdu In this special Urdu discussion, Uzair speaks with Ammar Khan about the ongoing gas crisis and the recent cargos being bought by Pakistan. The price is now higher than the long-term Qatar contracts signed by the PML-N government and Uzair asked Ammar to explain what that means.
Oct 11, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 36 - What's Going On, Pakistan?
What's Going On, Pakistan? Ariba Shahid returns to Pakistonomy to talk about recent developments in the country. We talked about PTA bans, inflation, gas shortages, business optimism, and much more. This is a break from our usual in-depth conversations, which will return next week.
Oct 5, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Selling Brand Pakistan's Narrative (Urdu)
Many people within and outside Pakistan often say that if only Pakistan had a stronger narrative, the country would do much better. But the reality is much, much different. In this discussion, Uzair Younus spoke to Ejaz Haider about his recently published article in The Friday Times, titled Selling the Narrative. Ejaz Haider is Executive Editor at Indus News and was the News Editor at The Friday Times. Uzair and Ejaz talked about why the issues facing Pakistan need to be addressed by addressing root causes, rather than arguing that better marketing and branding can get the job done. You can read the full article here - https://www.thefridaytimes.com/selling-the-narrative/
Oct 4, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 35 - A Conversation with Dr. Adil Najam (Urdu)
Uzair Younus has a wide-ranging conversation with Dr. Adil Najam about polarization, generational shifts in Pakistan, climate change, and much more. Dr Najam needs no introduction. He is the inaugural Dean of the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University which was founded in 2014 with a generous gift from BU alum Frederick S. Pardee. He is also a Professor of International Relations and of Earth and Environment. Earlier, Prof. Adil Najam served as Vice Chancellor of the Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) in Lahore, Pakistan and as the Director of the Boston University Pardee Center for the Study of the Longer-Range Future. In addition to Boston University, Prof. Najam has taught at MIT and at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. His research focuses on issues of global public policy, especially those related to global climate change, South Asia, Muslim countries, environment and development, and human development.
1 hr 7 min
Sep 28, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Why Are There Gas Shortages in Pakistan?
Karachi is already facing power shortages due to supply constraints of gas. Prime Minister Imran Khan has warned of another crisis in the winter months of this year and the next. And as expected, the issue has fallen victim to partisan politics. To talk about this issue from a non-partisan perspective, Uzair spoke to Samiullah Tariq, Head Of Research And Development - Pakistan Kuwait Investment Company. At the heart of the issue is the price of natural gas and for as long as the price doesn't reflect the cost of the commodity, we will continue to face issues in the gas sector. Additionally, the government needs to encourage people to switch from gas-powered stoves and heaters to electric ones, as they are not only more efficient, but can help ease the growing household demand for natural gas.
Sep 28, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 34 - Powering the Solar Revolution
The world is quickly moving towards renewable energy sources. In Pakistan, less than 5 percent of the country's energy comes from renewable energy (excluding hydro power). To talk about how the country can promote renewable energy and whether ending the grid as we know it is feasible, Uzair Younus spoke to Shazia Khan. Shazia Khan is the CEO of EcoEnergy, an environmental lawyer, and off-grid energy expert. She began her career as a consultant with the World Bank, working with the Global Environment Facility and Africa Energy. Prior to that, Shazia worked at Pakistan’s National Development Finance Corporation, facilitating long term financing for energy projects.
Sep 20, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 33 - What Caused the Decline of Muslim Civilization?
We often hear about the unity of the ummah and how that drove progress. But this idea is poorly, if at all, understood by most people. The reasons given for the rise and fall of Muslim civilization often do not meet the test of history and rigorous analysis. In this episode, we are going to try to understand the causes of its dramatic rise and sustained decline. To help us understand this complex topic, Uzair Younus spoke to Dr. Ahmet T. Kuru Professor of Political Science at San Diego State University. Dr. Kuru is the author of the fantastic award-winning book Islam, Authoritarianism, and Underdevelopment: A Global and Historical Comparison and his works have been translated into Arabic, Bosnian, Chinese, French, Indonesian, and Turkish. You can purchase his book on Amazon using this link - https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07S9DBZ1R/ref=dp-kindle-redirect?_encoding=UTF8&btkr=1
1 hr 4 min
Sep 14, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 32 - Understanding the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor
Understanding the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Conversations around the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor in mainstream media end up in a “are you a patriot” or “are you a traitor” binary. There is no doubt about the fact that Pakistan has doubled down on its strategic relationship with China in recent years: Prime Minister Imran Khan recently saying in an interview that Pakistan’s future is tied to China. But what is CPEC all about? And how does it fit into China’s overall regional and geopolitical ambitions? To talk about this, Uzair Younus invited Dr. Tayyab Safdar, a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the University of Virginia’s Department of Politics and East Asia Center. His research investigates the effects of increasing Chinese investment in infrastructure projects on economic development in countries located along the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to…
1 hr 3 min
Aug 30, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - The Pension Crisis (Urdu)
Pakistan is facing a pension crisis which is straining the country’s fiscal resources. In a recently published article for Business Recorder, Ali Khizar wrote that pension spending has gone from “Rs 164 billion in FY 11” to “Rs988 billion in FY21.” To talk about this crisis, Uzair Younus spoke to Ali Khizar and discussed what is going on and why it is important that Pakistan prioritize pension reforms. If you are interested in diving deep into this topic, read Ali Khizar’s articles below: Defusing the pension bomb - https://www.brecorder.com/news/40013934 How pension turned into a bomb - https://www.brecorder.com/news/40014859 If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakis…
Aug 25, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 31 - Ethnicity and Governance in Pakistan
Ethnic cleavages have created unique challenges for Pakistan's political economy since 1947. Since the passage of the 18th Amendment, the conversation has changed substantially. To talk about how these issues affect Pakistan's political system and its economy, Uzair Younus spoke with Dr. Farhan H. Siddiqi. Dr. Siddiqi is an Associate Professor at the Quaid-e-Azam University in Islamabad and has done in depth research on ethnic issues in the country. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
Aug 20, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Stocks Make a Comeback
Stocks Make a Comeback (Urdu) The KSE-100 has been rallying in recent weeks, increasing optimism among investors about the prospects of Pakistan's economy. While the stock market is not fully indicative of the real economy, it provides us with insights about where the economy is headed and the sentiment among investors. To talk about this ongoing rally, Uzair Younus spoke with Bilal Moon. They talked about whats driving the recent momentum, why foreign investors have been net sellers, and what retail investors should do to maximize their long-term returns. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
Aug 18, 2020
Pakistonomy - Special Episode - Renegotiating Power Contracts (Urdu)
Renegotiating Power Contracts (Urdu) Uzair speaks with Ammar Khan about the government's successful negotiations with IPPs and what it means for Pakistani consumers. If you want to dive deeper into this topic, listen to the podcast Uzair hosted with Ammar on the power sector: https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab/pakistonomy-episode-15-pakistans-power-sector
Aug 17, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 30 - Unlocking the Economy?
Pakistan has been able to successfully flatten the COVID-19 curve and that has had a positive impact on the economy, with some key indicators turning positive over the last few weeks. Uzair Younus spoke with Ariba Shahid, a business journalist at Profit by Pakistan Today, about this nascent recovery. We also spoke about Karachi's governance challenges, Punjab's chief minister, and her predictions for the next 3-6 months. Views expressed in this video are personal and do not reflect the employer’s views. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
Aug 9, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 29 - India's Growth Story: Astute Planning or an Accident?
India’s Growth Story: Astute Planning or an Accident? Shankkar Aiyar is a political economy analyst, columnist, and the author of several books, including Accidental India: A History of the Nation's Passage Through Crisis and Change, which is a must-read for anyone who wants to fully understand what it took for India to push through transformative structural reforms. Uzair talked to him about India's reforms, why crises are an opportunity for pushing change, and how COVID-19 creates new opportunities for India and other emerging markets. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
1 hr 4 min
Jul 29, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 28 - A Conversation with Junaid Iqbal
Careem has transformed mobility in Pakistan and around the world and Junaid Iqbal played a key role in making that possible. In this episode, Uzair Younus talks to Careem's former MD about how the startup was able to succeed, his views on Pakistan's digital payments ecosystem, and a whole lot more. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
Jul 26, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 27 - A Conversation with Shuja Nawaz
A Conversation with Shuja Nawaz Shuja Nawaz is author of The Battle for Pakistan: The Bitter US Friendship and a Tough Neighbourhood. This book is a fascinating account of Pakistan's troubled relationship with the United States and is based on detailed interviews with key US and South Asian leaders, access to secret documents and operations, and the author's personal relationships and deep knowledge of the region. In this discussion, Uzair talks to the author about recent developments in Pakistan, how Pakistan should navigate the US-China confrontation, and what Pakistan needs to do to transform itself from being a problem that must be managed into an opportunity that benefits its people, South Asia, and the rest of the world. If you are interested in learning more about Pakistan's role in the War in Afghanistan, you should read his book The Battle for Pakistan: The Bitter Us Friendship and a Tough Neighbourhood. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and w…
1 hr 1 min
Jul 19, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 26 – Airlift: Fueling Pakistan’s Startup Ecosystem
Airlift recently raised $10m in a funding round and has set its sights on transforming Pakistan’s mobility landscape. By provided affordable, safe, and comfortable rides to its users in major cities, the startup is making a big impact. It has also entered the grocery business and its promise to deliver goods to households within 45 minutes is going to fundamentally disrupt e-commerce in the country. To learn more about the startup’s vision and its growth plans, Uzair spoke to Saba Abid, who is General Manager at Airlift. This was a wide-ranging discussion that includes tips about what younger people need to do in order to be successful entrepreneurs or succeed at a company like Airlift If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscrib…
Jul 12, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 25 - How Technology is Ushering in the Age of Freedom
Rethinking Humanity, published by the think-tank RethinkX is a fascinating read that talks about how major technological shifts in key sectors such as agriculture and energy are about to usher in a new age for humanity. The authors of the book argue that humanity is at a crossroads, but not for reasons most would assume. Based on historical analysis, they predict that this is not another Industrial Revolution but something far more fundamental. In this episode, Uzair Younus talks to one of the co-authors of the book, James Arbib, who is also the co-founder of RethinkX. You can read the book here - https://www.rethinkx.com/humanity-download James also recommended the following books for those interested in learning more about how we got to where we are as a civilization: - Why The West Rules--For Now: The Patterns of History and what they reveal about the Future (https://www.amazon.com/dp/B004ASNG04) - Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fate of Human Societies (https://www.amazon.com/Gun…
Jul 5, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 24 - PIA's Decline and the Path Ahead
The Pakistan International Airlines has found itself in the news yet again, starting with the tragic crash of the flight 8303 in Karachi. Since then, issues about fake pilots, the sale of the Roosevelt hotel owned by the PIA in New York, and systemic issues plaguing the airline have been the talk of town. To talk about the reasons for PIA’s decline and how the airline could be reformed and restructured, Uzair Younus spoke with Dr. Musharraf Rasool Cyan, who is the former CEO of the PIA and is no stranger to both the internal and external issues that plague the airline. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Don't forget to subscribe to our channel!
Jun 29, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 23 - Demystifying Rural Sindh: Property Rights, Elite Capture, and Feudalism
Many of us have a surface-level understanding of rural Sindh and its political economy. Feudalism, lack of land reforms, and elite capture are often bandied out as catch-all issues that plague not only Sindh, but many parts of rural Pakistan. But the reality is far more complex and the foundational issue in the political economy of rural Sindh, and rural Pakistan in general, is the lack of property rights. To talk about rural Sindh and its political economy, Uzair Younus invited Dr. Mujtaba Isani as a guest on the podcast. Dr. Isani is a political scientist with a PhD in Political Science from the University of Muenster. He is currently an Assistant Professor of International Relations at the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) in Saudi Arabia. Formerly, he was an Assistant Professor of Politics and Policy at the Habib University in Karachi. Dr. Isani recommended some books during this discussion: https://press.princeton.edu/…/9780…/designing-social-inquiry h…
Jun 21, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 22 - Innovation in Education: A Conversation with Edkasa
Distance learning became the norm after COVID-19 shutdown schools all over the world. In Pakistan, where access to quality education is challenging for millions of households, edtech startups are beginning to change the status quo. Edkasa is one such startup and it has embarked on a mission is to provide easy access to quality education to Pakistan's youth to enable them to take full advantage of future opportunities. In this episode, Uzair Younus talks to Annum Sadiq about Edkasa and the edtech sector in the country. Annum is Co-founder and Chief Education Officer of Edkasa. She is also a 2016 Fulbright scholar, 2017 Education Pioneers Graduate Fellow, and Rockefeller Foundation Fellow. Annum leads the education delivery at EDKASA and provides support on curriculum design and live lecture delivery for the online platform. She has ten years of experience with education policy in Pakistan and the United States, in the Chelsea Public School District, at USAID, and as a World Bank consu…
Jun 14, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 21 - Budget Time
The 2020-21 Budget comes at a time when Pakistan is reeling from the coronavirus pandemic. The last year saw the economy enter a recession, with growth coming in at -0.38 percent. For the coming year, the government is projecting the economy to grow by about 2 percent and expects revenues to grow by a significant amount. To talk about the budget and what it means, we decided to reverse roles for this episode. Shahab Siddiqi from Tabadlab moderates this discussion with Uzair Younus, who shares his views and insights about the economic survey and 2020-21 budget. If you liked this episode, please share it on your social media and with your friends and family! Also, please don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab You can also subscribe to our podcast by searching for "Tabadlab Pakistonomy" on your favorite app.
Jun 7, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 20 - The Informal Economy (Urdu)
Many people view the informal sector as corrupt, illegal, and detrimental to the country’s economic well-being. The reality, of course, is more complex. In fact, some argue that the informal sector is the backbone of Pakistan’s economy. In this episode, Uzair Younus talks to Dr. Ali Kemal about Pakistan's informal sector and its implications on the country's economy. Dr. Kemal is an Economic Policy Advisor at the SDG Support Unit, Ministry of Planning Development and Reform. He has co-authored a detailed analysis of Pakistan’s informal economy in a paper titled “Exploring the Determinants of Underground Economy of Pakistan” which was published by the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics. You can read his paper using this link - https://www.pide.org.pk/…/Working%20Pa…/WorkingPaper-163.pdf Don't forget to subscribe to our channel! Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/pakistonomy/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/tabadlab Soundcloud - https://soundcloud.com/tabadlab…
May 31, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 19 - The Water Economy
Dr. Erum Khalid Sattar talks to us about Pakistan's colonial past and its impact on the water economy, why mega-dams will not solve the country's water, and the need to strengthen the institutional software governing the country.
May 17, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 18 - Economic Decline: A Historian's Take
Pakistan's civilian institutions have been in decline since independence. In this episode, we talk to Dr. Ilhan Niaz, Associate Professor of History at the Quaid-e-Azam University, about the impact of this decline on Pakistan's political economy.
May 10, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 17 - What Can We Learn From Reko Diq?
The Reko Diq case has been a long, drawn out saga where Pakistan faced penalties of almost $5.9 billion. To talk about this case, the overall role of international arbitration, and the path forward for Pakistan, Uzair spoke to Marike Paulsson. Marike is one of the foremost experts in the field of international arbitration and is Vice President of the Global Legal Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution.
May 3, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 16 - The Pakistan Super League
Cricket is perhaps the greatest unifying force in Pakistan and in its early years, the Pakistan Super League has had a transformative effect on the cricketing landscape in the country. In this episode, Uzair talks to Shoaib Naveed, Project Executive of the Pakistan Super League, about the PSL's business model, the path to profitability for franchises, and what's in store for the future.
1 hr 7 min
Apr 26, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 15 - Pakistan's Power Sector
Uzair talks to Ammar H. Khan, an energy economist, about Pakistan's power sector, the power industry report and its findings, and reforming the country's power sector.
Apr 19, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 14 - Dr. Miftah Ismail
Uzair talks to Dr. Miftah Ismail, former finance minister of Pakistan and member of the PML-N about COVID-19 and its economic impact, structural reforms, and the path ahead for Pakistan.
1 hr 12 min
Apr 12, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 13 - What Caused the Sugar and Wheat Crises?
Uzair speaks with Ali Khizar, Senior Consultant at Business Recorder, and M. Adil Mansoor, an Agriculture and Water Policy Analyst. The episode looks at the causes behind the sugar and wheat crises and why both markets need to be de-regularized to prevent yet another crisis in the future.
Apr 5, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 12 - Real Estate in Pakistan
Uzair talks to Hammad Rana about Pakistan's real estate sector, what's holding it back, and how it can play a key role in boosting Pakistan's economic growth. Hammad leads Colliers International Pakistan's Sales, Leasing and Investment Advisory teams. In his role, he works extensively with multi-national corporates, institutional investors, banks, hotel operators and developers on projects across Pakistan.
Mar 26, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 11 - Economy and Coronavirus
Uzair and Shehzad Ghias (host of The Pakistan Experience) talk about COVID-19 and its impact on the economies of both the US and Pakistan. If you haven't listened to The Pakistan Experience, do check it out on your favorite podcast app!
1 hr 10 min
Mar 17, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 10 - The Economic Impact of Coronavirus
Uzair talks to Erum Haider, Maheen Rehman and Mosharraf Zaidi about the economic impact of the Corona Virus in Pakistan.
Mar 15, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 09 - Can Pakistan Replicate Korea?
Uzair talks to Dr. Khalid Ikram about South Korea's economic miracle and what Pakistan needs to do to change its economic trajectory. Dr. Ikram has worked for the Pakistan Planning Commission and the World Bank, and was awarded the Korean President's medal for services to Korean development.
1 hr 19 min
Mar 7, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 08 - Women, Feminism, and the Aurat March
Uzair talks to Dr Afiya Shehrbano Zia about the future of women in Pakistan, their economic empowerment, and the importance of movements like the Aurat March.
1 hr 19 min
Mar 1, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 07 - Dr. Umair Javed
The Politics of Reforms. Uzair talks to Dr. Umair Javed about tax and bureaucratic reforms and how politics in the country is responsible for reduced impetus for reforms in Pakistan.
1 hr 22 min
Feb 23, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 06 - Naurin Muzaffar
In this episode, Uzair speaks with Naurin Muzaffar about why Pakistan's textile sector has failed to keep up with Bangladesh, what Pakistan can learn from Bangladesh, and what needs to change in Pakistan.
1 hr 26 min
Feb 15, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 05 - Kalsoom Lakhani
In Episode 05, Uzair speaks with Kalsoom Lakhani, Founder and CEO of Invest2Innovate, about Pakistan's startup ecosystem, its evolution, and advice for young entrepreneurs.
1 hr 14 min
Feb 6, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 04 - Atif Mian
In Episode 04, Uzair speaks with Dr. Atif Mian about why Pakistan keeps going back to the IMF, why the country’s economy keeps going from one crisis to another, and what he would do if he was the economic czar in the country.
1 hr 22 min
Jan 31, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 03 - Pakistan's Stock Market
In episode 3, Uzair talks to Bilal Moon, who has been working in the equity markets for over a decade about Pakistan’s financial markets, how it works, and how they can be taken to the next level.
1 hr 3 min
Jan 23, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 02 - Mehvish Arifeen
In our second episode, Uzair talks to Mehvish Arifeen, co-founder and COO of GharPar. We talk about GharPar’s mission and vision, Pakistan’s start-up ecosystem, and her journey as a woman entrepreneur. About GharPar: GharPar is a social enterprise that provides timely, convenient and professional at-home beauty services to its female clients through a web and mobile based solution. The start-up also enables women to be economically self-sufficient, and the company has gone from having 6 beauticians and 200 customers in 2016 to over 150 beauticians and 30,000 customers today. Check it out at www.gharpar.co!
Jan 12, 2020
Pakistonomy - Episode 01 - Khurram Husain
The first episode of Pakistonomy, a podcast in which Uzair Younus will discuss the state of Pakistan's economy with key stakeholders in the rate of growth, the degree of stability and the manner in which political economy shapes the lives of ordinary Pakistanis. Episode 01: Khurram Husain Khurram Husain is a leading business and economy journalist in Pakistan, based out of Karachi. He has taught at the prestigious Lahore University of Management Sciences in the past. He writes a widely read column in Dawn, Pakistan’s leading English language newspaper and in television has been a contributor to the BBC, providing short features on economic issues as well as appearing as an analyst for English and Urdu language services.
Jan 12, 2020
Ivan Rasmussen on the story of China
Ivan Rasmussen of NYU Shanghai appears on Tabadlab Live to explain the rise of China, how it got to where it is today, and how it plans to continue to get where it wants to be tomorrow. Ivan Rasmussen bio: https://shanghai.nyu.edu/academics/faculty/directory/ivan-rasmussen Recorded on March 21, 2019, in Islamabad.
Feb 25, 2019
Parag Khanna on “The Future Is Asian”
Parag Khanna, author of "The Future is Asian" appears on Tabadlab Live to explore how the coming years and decades will look, sound and feel distinctly "Asian". He invites his readers to look beyond current narratives about China, the impact of urbanization and how commerce, conflict, and culture in the 21st Century will be shaped by Asia. Parag Khanna bio: Recorded on January 10, 2019, in Islamabad.
Feb 25, 2019
Hina Khar, Mohammad Sadiq & Joshua White on the future of Afghanistan
* Hina Rabbani Khar, former Foreign Minister of Pakistan * Mohammad Sadiq, former Pakistani ambassador to Afghanistan * Joshua White, former White House staff under the Obama National Security Council appear on Tabadlab Live to discuss the prospects for peace in Afghanistan, the emergence of the dialogue lead by Zalmay Khalilzad, and the hopes for successful detente between the Taliban and the US. Recorded on December 13, 2018.
1 hr 5 min