Cattitude - Episode 56 Are Cats Mutts? Yesh!
Play • 22 min
This week Michelle Fern talks Earl, Mooch, Shtinky Puddin’ and the rest of the crazy cast of characters in the hit comic strip, Mutts with cartoonist and Mutts creator, Patrick McDonnell.

In 1994, Patrick McDonnell created the comic strip MUTTS, which now appears in over 700 newspapers in 20 countries. McDonnell has received numerous awards for this strip, including the National Cartoonists Society’s highest honor, The Reuben, for Cartoonist of the Year; five Harvey Awards for Best Comic Strip; Germany’s Max and Moritz Award for Best International Comic Strip; and the Swedish Academy of Comic Art’s Adamson Statuette.

More details on this episode MP3 Podcast - Are Cats Mutts? Yesh! with Michelle Fern
Strange Animals Podcast
Strange Animals Podcast
Katherine Shaw
Episode 207: The Dire Wolf!
This week we're on the cutting edge of science, learning about the brand new genetic study of dire wolves that rearranges everything we know about the dire wolf and other canids! Also, a bonus turtle update. Further reading: Dire Wolves Were Not Really Wolves, Genetic Clues Reveal An artist's rendition of dire wolves and grey wolves fighting over a bison carcass (art by Mauricio Anton): The pig-nosed face of the Hoan Kiem turtle, AKA Yangtze giant softshell turtle, AKA Swinhoe's softshell turtle: Show transcript: Welcome to Strange Animals Podcast. I’m your host, Kate Shaw. You may have heard the news this past week about the new study about dire wolves. I thought it would make a great topic for an episode, and we’ll also have a quick update about a rare turtle that’s been in the news lately too. Dire wolves show up pretty often in movies and TV shows and video games and books, because as far as anyone knew until very recently, the dire wolf was an extra big wolf that lived in North America during the Pleistocene until it went extinct around 13,000 years ago. Researchers assumed it was a close cousin of the modern grey wolf. Well, in a brand new study published in Nature literally less than a week ago as this episode goes live, we now have results of a genetic study of dire wolf remains. The results give us surprising new information not just about the dire wolf, but about many other canids. The study started in 2016, when an archaeologist, Angela Perri, who specializes in the history of human and animal interactions, wanted to learn more about the dire wolf. She went around the United States to visit university collections and museums with dire wolf remains, and took the samples she collected to geneticist Kieren Mitchell. Perri, Mitchell, and their team managed to sequence DNA from five dire wolves that lived between 50,000 and 13,000 years ago. Then the team compared the dire wolf genome to those of other canids, including the grey wolf and coyote, two species of African wolf, two species of jackal, and the dhole, among others. To their surprise, the dire wolf’s closest relation wasn’t the grey wolf. It was the jackals, both from Africa, but even they weren’t very closely related. It turns out that 5.7 million years ago, the shared ancestor of dire wolves and many other canids lived in Eurasia. At this point sea levels were low enough that the Bering land bridge, also called Beringia, connected the very eastern part of Asia to the very western part of North America. One population of this canid migrated into North America while the rest of the population stayed in Asia. The two populations evolved separately until the North America population developed into what we now call dire wolves. Meanwhile, the Eurasian population developed into many of the modern species we know today, and eventually migrated into North America too. By the time the gray wolf populated North America, the dire wolf was so distantly related to it that even when their territories overlapped, they avoided each other and didn’t interbreed. We’ve talked about canids in many previous episodes, including how readily they interbreed with each other, so for the dire wolf to remain genetically isolated, it was obviously not closely related at all to other canids at this point. The dire wolf looked a lot like a grey wolf, but researchers now think that was due more to convergent evolution than to its relationship with wolves. Both lived in the same habitats: plains, grasslands, and forests. The dire wolf was slightly taller on average than the modern grey wolf, which can grow a little over three feet tall at the shoulder, or 97 cm, but it was much heavier and more solidly built. It wouldn’t have been able to run nearly as fast, but it could attack and kill larger animals. Its head was larger in proportion than the grey wolf’s and it had massive teeth that were adapted to crush bigger bones.
10 min
StarDate Podcast
StarDate Podcast
McDonald Observatory
Moon and Aldebaran
The bull keeps a close eye on the Moon tonight. That’s because Aldebaran, the star that marks the eye of Taurus, will be quite close to the Moon throughout the night. They’ll be high in the sky at nightfall, and will set in the wee hours of the morning. The name “Moon” comes from words in old English that mean “measures time.” They indicate that ancient cultures used the Moon’s phases as a calendar. The period of those phases — almost 30 days — was named for the Moon: a month. Other languages, of course, have used other names. Several use “Luna,” from the Latin name for our satellite world. And several words have evolved from that, such as lunatic — an indication that people who acted “crazy” were considered to be under the influence of the Moon. According to some sources, “Luna” has become a popular name for pets. Companies that insure pets or manage networks of pet sitters release annual lists of the most popular names for cats and dogs. And Luna has been on several of them. A 2019 list, for example, said it was the second-most-popular name for female dogs, and the most popular for cats. And the name seems to be just about as common in Australia and the United Kingdom as in the U.S. It’s not just popular for pets, though. A 2018 ranking said Luna was the 31st most popular name for baby girls in the U.S. And in 2019, it climbed to 16th — a name shared with the brightest light in the night sky. Script by Damond Benningfield Support McDonald Observatory
2 min
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